Marlborough, p.71
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       Marlborough, p.71

           Richard Holmes
 

  on battle of Oudenarde, 383, 390

  at Ghent, 405

  on siege of Tournai, 419

  in battle of Malplaquet, 428–9

  on 1711 campaign, 456

  qualities, 477

  Dedem, Lieutenant General Coenraad Willem van, 323

  Delamere, Henry Booth, 2nd Baron, 18

  Dendemonde, 349, 373, 375

  Dender, river, 362, 373, 378, 395

  Denmark:

  troops in Irish campaign, 169–70

  troops in Grand Alliance, 202, 409

  casualties at Blenheim, 297

  cavalry at Ramillies, 341, 346–7

  cavalry at Oudenarde, 387

  Derby, James Stanley, 19th Earl of, 26

  Dettingen, battle of (1743), 284

  Devonshire, William Cavendish, 1st Duke (earlier 4th Earl) of, 137, 163, 180

  Devonshire, William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of, 464

  Diepenbeek, river, 384, 387

  Diest, 75

  Dijkvelde, Everaarde van Weede, Baron van, 141

  Disarming Acts (Scotland), 471

  Dissenters:

  and Occasional Conformity, 239

  Dixmude, 75

  Donauwörth, 250, 269–76

  Dongan, Colonel Thomas, 52

  Donia, Private John, 402

  Dopff, General Daniel Wolf, Baron van, 317, 335, 374, 391, 464

  Dorset, Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of, 140, 143, 154, 156

  Douai, 393, 399, 455

  siege and capture (1710), 214, 443, 450–1

  Douglas, Lord George see Dumbarton, Earl of

  Dover, Treaty of (1670), 51, 65, 67, 77

  dragoons:

  function and role, 101–2

  quartered on French Huguenots, 130

  Drake, Eleanor, Lady, 41–2, 44

  Drake, Sir John, 41

  Drake, John (Eleanor’s son), 42

  Drake, ‘Captain’ Peter:

  as source, 9

  duels, 19–20

  serves in Low Countries, 204–5, 231

  on halberd sergeants, 307

  at Ramillies, 334, 346

  wounded and surrenders at Malplaquet, 432

  Drummer, Edward, 122

  Dryden, John, 18

  All for Love, 473

  Du Muy (Du Mé), Lucas, 401

  duels, 19–21

  Duke of Marlborough’s New Exercise of Firelocks and Bayonets, The (1708), 284

  Dumbarton, Lord George Douglas, Earl of, 52, 80, 120–1, 124, 128

  Dundas, Sandy, 21

  Dundee, John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount, 172

  Dunkirk:

  British troops in, 48, 50, 469

  sold to France, 48

  attack planned, 175

  privateers, 393

  Britain demands demolition of defences, 410

  Duras, Louis de see Feversham, 1st Earl of

  Dutch Guards, 160, 168, 189, 191, 426, 429

  Dutch, the:

  Marlborough’s attitude to, 4, 196, 255, 321–2

  officers favoured by William, 27, 172, 182

  British troops support French against, 52, 65

  raid Medway (1667), 61

  Louis XIV threatens, 65–6

  in War of League of Augsburg, 182

  differ from Marlborough in strategy, 255–6

  casualties at Blenheim, 297

  acknowledge Marlborough’s princely title, 303

  and magazine at Trier, 309

  oppose Marlborough’s advance over Dyle river, 317, 320–1

  differences among generals, 318

  withhold troops from Italy, 331

  at battle of Ramillies, 341, 343, 345, 347

  cooperate in attack on French coast, 350

  share government of Spanish Netherlands with Britain, 361, 368, 371

  at battle of Oudenarde, 387

  troops at Malplaquet, 426, 429–30, 432

  sign first Barrier Treaty (1709), 435

  territorial claims in Netherlands, 435

  ill-served by Treaty of Utrecht, 459

  send troops in support against 1715 Jacobite rebellion, 470

  see also United Provinces

  Dutch Republic see United Provinces

  Dutch War, Third (1672–4), 52, 61, 77–8

  Duumvirs (Marlborough and Godolphin), 353, 363–4, 407, 412, 442

  Dyle, river, 240, 242, 316–17, 320–1, 333

  Earle, Peter, 112

  Earle, Major General Thomas, 394, 396, 398–9

  Eckeren, battle of (1703), 244–6

  Edinburgh Parliament:

  Marlborough sits in, 99

  Eename, 382–3

  Eifel, 249

  Elgin, 3rd Earl of see Ailesbury, 2nd Earl of

  Elixheim, 315

  Elizabeth I, Queen, 302

  Ellis, John, 259, 296, 310

  Elnberger, Major General, 75

  Elst’s Dutch battalion, 367

  England:

  Union with Scotland (1707), 31, 327, 353, 356

  political parties and factions, 34–5, 38

  as republic, 39

  relations with France, 51

  alliance with Holland against France, 52

  commercial strength, 188–9

  and Treaty of Ryswick, 188

  financial reforms, 189–90

  see also Great Britain

  Enniskillen, 166

  Ensheim, battle of (1674), 80

  Essex, Algernon Capel, 2nd Earl of:

  death, 414, 446

  Essex, Arthur Capel, 1st Earl of, 92

  Essex, Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of, 41, 327

  Estrées, Admiral Jean d’, 78

  Eugène, Prince of Savoy-Carignan:

  portraits, 13

  campaign in Italy, 224, 309, 350, 356

  defeats Turks at Zenta (1697), 250

  disparages Victor Amadeus of Savoy, 252

  favours advance to Danube, 255

  meets up with Marlborough on march to Danube, 264, 266

  appearance and character, 266

  relations with Marlborough, 266–7, 387

  discipline, 267

  at Lines of Stollhofen, 268, 278

  cooperates with Marlborough in Bavaria, 279–80, 283

  at battle of Blenheim, 287, 289, 291, 294

  with Marlborough at Seyerbach, 305

  counsels Marlborough against leaving army early, 322

  and Marlborough at Ramillies, 333

  in attack on Toulon, 357–9, 361

  Marlborough urges despatch to Spain, 362

  commands army on Moselle, 370, 372

  and battle of Oudenarde, 374, 383, 385–6

  and Flanders campaign (1708), 374–5, 377, 378

  and Marlborough’s depression over loss of Ghent and Bruges, 375–6

  attends council of war with Marlborough, 391

  visits mother in Brussels, 392

  opposes Marlborough’s Channel strategy, 394

  and siege of Lille, 394–8

  wounded, 398, 428

  favours besieging Tournai, 418–19

  in Flanders campaign (1709), 418

  covers Bossu gap, 423

  in battle of Malplaquet, 426

  diverted to Rhine for 1711 campaign, 452–3

  defeated by Villars at Denain, 462

  and Marlborough’s visit to Frankfurt (1713), 465

  Evelyn, John:

  view of Marlborough, 10–11

  house at Wotton, 14

  on execution of regicides, 17

  on restoration of Charles II, 45

  on Charles II’s dogs, 57

  on James Douglas (Earl of Arran), 65

  witnesses judicial torture in France, 66

  on Margaret Godolphin, 100

  on Prince George of Denmark, 106

  on Charles II’s death, 109

  on French persecution of Protestants, 129

  on Hounslow Heath military camp, 134

  and William’s impending invas
ion, 137, 142

  Examiner (news-sheet), 463

  Exclusion Crisis (1678–80), 91–3

  executions:

  practice of, 17–18

  Exeter:

  William of Orange in, 147

  Eyne, 382, 384, 385

  Fagel, François, Greffier, 254

  Fagel, General François Nicolas, 429

  Faille, F.H. de la, 372

  Fairburne, Captain Stafford, 170

  Falkner, James, 270

  Farewell, Captain, 231–2

  Fariaux, Jacques de, 75–6

  Farquhar, George:

  The Recruiting Officer, 221

  Feiling, Sir Keith, 90

  Fenwick, Major General Sir John, 73, 179, 187–8

  Ferguson, Brigadier James, 274, 292

  Feversham, Louis de Duras, 1st Earl of (and marquis de Blanquefort):

  earldom, 27

  at battle of Ensheim, 80

  praises Marlborough, 80

  takes leave in Paris, 81

  at court of Charles II, 100

  commands against Monmouth rebellion, 114–21

  at Sedgemoor, 122, 125, 127–8

  made Garter Knight and rewarded with estate, 126

  lampooned by Buckingham, 127

  and conspiracy against James II, 136

  and William’s invasion and advance, 150, 155

  disbands forces, 155, 158

  William appoints master of Royal Hospital, 155

  Marlborough harasses for payment of debt, 440–1

  Field, Ophelia, 104

  Fielding, Robert (‘Beau’), 62–3

  Fiennes, Celia, 15

  Fifth Monarchy men, 49–50

  Fitzharding, Barbara, Lady (née Villiers), 108, 154, 162–3, 176–7

  Fitzharding, Colonel John Berkeley, Baron, 108, 151, 154, 162–3

  FitzJames, Arabella, 48

  FitzJames, Henrietta, 48

  FitzRoy, Anne, 62

  Flanders:

  British troops in, 53, 89

  Marlborough’s command in, 89, 224–489

  William’s wars in, 173–4, 182

  in War of Spanish Succession, 210

  Villeroi in, 240

  Heinsius requests more British troops for, 362

  and Marlborough’s 1708 campaign, 370–2

  Villars deploys in, 417

  1711 campaign in, 452

  see also Spanish Netherlands

  Fletcher, Andrew, 111

  Fleurus, battle of (1690), 162

  Forbin, Claude, comte de, 215

  forlorn hope (military unit), 72, 102, 170, 272

  Fortescue, Sir John, 2–3

  France:

  Whig hostility to, 37

  expansionism, 51, 66, 200

  relations with England, 51

  war with Dutch, 51, 65–8

  British troops support against Dutch, 52

  England allies with Holland against, 52–3, 65–6

  conditions, 66–7

  judicial torture in, 66

  at siege of Maastricht, 70–5

  defensive frontiers, 90

  Protestants persecuted, 129–30

  army strength, 132

  threat in North America, 135

  alliance with Turks and conflict with Innocent XI, 146

  resumes war with Dutch (1688), 146, 159

  James II’s exile in, 156

  Walcourt defeat, 161–2

  naval victory at Beachy Head (1690), 168

  supports Jacobites, 168

  in War of League of Augsburg, 173, 181

  attempts invasion of England, 179

  territorial gains and losses under Treaty of Ryswick (1697), 188

  financial difficulties, 189

  and Spanish succession, 192–3

  supports James Francis Edward Stuart’s landing in Scotland, 215, 364, 370

  military strength, 216–17, 224

  strategic advantages, 249

  strategy in Germany, 249–50, 252

  alliance with Hungary, 250–1

  advance against Austrian Empire, 252

  and Marlborough’s march into Germany, 259–60

  negotiates with Dutch (1705), 318–19

  Marlborough plans 1706 attack on, 330

  Ramillies defeat, 334–7, 339–42, 345–6

  Marlborough plans descent on, 350, 362

  withdraws from Italy, 350, 356

  loses fleet, 360

  privateers, 365, 441

  requests exchange of prisoners of war, 368

  strength and actions in Flanders and Spanish Netherlands (1708), 370–2, 375, 377–9

  defeated at Oudenarde, 388–9

  severe weather and harvest failure (1709), 410

  weakened conditions, 410, 419

  deploys for 1709 campaign, 417

  fighting spirit in battle of Malplaquet, 430

  Malplaquet defeat, 434

  negotiates peace terms:

  (1709), 215, 409–11, 416, 420

  (1710), 435

  in campaign of 1710, 450–1, 453

  concessions under Treaty of Utrecht, 459

  see also Louis XIV, King of France

  Frankfurt, 465

  Franquenée, 345

  Frederick I, King of Prussia (earlier Elector of Brandenburg):

  and German coalition forces, 79

  Marlborough visits in Berlin, 305–6

  promises troops to Marlborough, 306, 309

  Marlborough thanks, 326

  troops paid irregularly, 329

  Frederick William I, King of Prussia, 376

  Frévent, 453

  Friedberg, 280

  Friedlingen, battle of (1702), 251

  Fugger, Count, 294

  Galway, Henri de Massue, 1st Earl of (and marquis de Ruvigny):

  viscountcy, 28

  Marlborough meets in Paris, 109

  earldom, 172

  command in Spain and Portugal, 208, 280, 350–1

  defeated at Almanza, 209, 356

  and Marlborough’s siege of Lille, 397

  Game Act (1670), 19

  Gardiner, Samuel Rawson, 45

  Garth, Sir Samuel, 470, 472

  Gaulle, Charles de, 249

  Gaunt, Elizabeth, 18

  Gavre, 348, 379–80, 390, 402

  Gay, John, 475

  Geete, river, 313, 333–5, 338, 339–40, 345

  Gell, Stephen, 231–2

  George I, King of Great Britain and Ireland (earlier Elector of Hanover):

  succeeds Anne to throne, 15, 302, 468–70

  and Robethon, 260

  fights at Oudenarde, 261, 385

  as Allied commander on Rhine, 370

  defeated at Rummersheim (1709), 420

  favours Marlborough, 448

  opposes preliminaries to Treaty of Utrecht, 459–60

  Marlborough supports succession to English throne, 467

  arrives in England, 470

  George II, King of Great Britain and Ireland:

  coronation, 476–7

  George, Prince of Denmark:

  marriage to Anne, 104–5, 106–7

  character, 106–7

  health decline and death, 107, 354, 407–8, 412

  and conspiracy against James II, 136

  and William’s invasion, 149

  abandons James II, 151

  made Duke of Cumberland, 157

  on campaign in Ireland, 164

  property and finances, 164, 191, 365

  refused service in navy, 164

  and Mary’s demand for dismissal of Sarah, 178

  moves into Cockpit, 180

  votes for attainder against Fenwick, 188

  allowance approved by Parliament, 234

  illnesses (1687), 141

  (1703), 238

  opposes Occasional Conformity Bill, 239

  learns of Blenheim victory, 298

  supports Duumvir, 363–4

  as lord high admiral, 365

  Germany:
<
br />   French strategy in, 249–50, 252

  Marlborough marches into (1704), 258–9

  contributes troops to Allies, 357

  Gertruydenberg:

  peace negotiations (1710), 435

  Ghent, 349, 372, 375–8, 393–4, 397, 402, 404–5, 407

  Gibbons, Grinling, 302

  Gibraltar:

  captured by Rooke, 298, 329

  ceded to Britain (1713), 458

  Gingen, near Ulm, 268

  Givet, 393

  Glorious Revolution (1688), 15

  Gloucester (frigate):

  sinks, 97–9

  Gloucester, William Henry, Duke of:

  portrait, 12

  death from smallpox, 16, 107, 190–1

  illness (1689), 163

  Marlborough appointed governor to, 190

  Glozier, Matthew, 152, 169

  Godden, Arthur, 131 & n, 132

  Godfrey, Arabella see Churchill, Arabella

  Godfrey, Benjamin, 120

  Godfrey, Colonel Charles (Arabella Churchill’s husband), 136, 188, 313–14

  Godolphin, Francis (Sidney’s father), 100

  Godolphin, Francis (Sidney’s son), 100, 191, 265

  Godolphin, Lady Henrietta (née Churchill; Marlborough-Sarah’s daughter; later Duchess of Marlborough):

  birth, 96, 191

  marriage, 100

  birth of son, 265

  affair with Congreve, 448

  attends Anne’s funeral, 470

  Sarah quarrels with, 474, 476

  death, 476

  succeeds to Marlborough dukedom, 476

  Godolphin, Margaret (née Blagge):

  death, 56

  marriage, 100

  letter to Jael Boscawen, 104

  Godolphin, Lady Mary (Henrietta’s daughter), 448

  Godolphin, Sidney, 1st Earl:

  friendship and correspondence with Marlborough, 6, 101, 175, 208, 224, 253, 268, 305, 320, 328, 349, 365, 445, 454

  Evelyn visits, 11

  staff of office, 13, 181

  and death of wife, 57, 100

  dines with Marlboroughs, 85

  background and career, 100–1

  tennis playing, 100

  favours William of Orange, 141

  in Cockpit circle, 165

  William appoints first lord of Treasury, 165

  and Marlborough’s resentment at William’s favouring foreign officers, 174

  and failed attack on Brest, 183–4

  accused of complicity in Jacobite plot, 187

  votes in favour of Fenwick, 188

  as lord high treasurer, 208

  and Marlborough’s position as commander, 208

  and Marlborough’s order of battle, 213

  and Woodstock election (1710), 223

  and Marlborough’s campaign in Low Countries, 227–9

  Anne favours, 234

  and Blandford’s contracting smallpox, 235

  supports Occasional Conformity Bill, 239

  and Allied attempt on Antwerp, 241, 244

  and Dutch veto of Marlborough’s plan to attack Lines of Brabant, 247

  and Marlborough’s strategic plans in 1704 campaign, 255

 
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