Marlborough, p.69
Larger Font   Reset Font Size   Smaller Font       Night Mode Off   Night Mode

       Marlborough, p.69

           Richard Holmes
 
in succession to William and Mary, 156, 158

  favours regency during father’s exile, 157

  accommodation and properties, 163

  claims to throne, 163, 186

  taciturnity, 163

  claims parliamentary grant, 164

  called ‘Mrs Morley’ by Sarah, 165

  grants pension to Sarah, 165

  letter asking pardon of father, 166

  depends on Marlboroughs’ support, 174

  warned of Lady Fitzharding’s indiscretion, 176

  moves to Syon House, 177

  on Marlborough’s imprisonment in Tower, 180

  and Mary’s death, 186

  death of son Gloucester and succession question, 191–2, 327–9

  favours Marlborough’s daughters on marriage, 191

  accession, 194

  offers dukedom and pension to Marlborough, 232–3

  Tory sympathies, 233

  and death of Sarah’s son John (Blandford), 236–7

  deteriorating relations with Sarah, 238, 299, 304, 329, 351, 353–4, 365, 407–8, 414, 436

  ennobles Tories, 238

  prorogues Parliament (1703), 238

  supports occasional conformity, 239

  informed of Blenheim victory, 298

  and tacked Occasional Conformity Bill, 299

  Sarah’s breach with, 301

  and Emperor’s offer of honour to Marlborough, 302

  gives dowry to Marlborough’s daughter Mary, 303

  and general election (1703), 304

  sends reassuring letter to Marlborough, 322

  values Marlborough’s advice, 327

  all-party government, 351, 353–4, 363

  health decline, 353–4, 463, 468

  and Whig junto, 353

  and appointment of successor to Peter Mews, 355

  appoints Somers to Cabinet, 364

  and Whig ascendancy, 412

  declines Marlborough’s request for captain generalcy for life, 413, 415, 436–7

  final meeting with Sarah, 436, 442

  praises Malplaquet victory, 438

  dismisses Godolphin, 443

  dissolves Parliament (1710), 444

  Sarah corresponds with after breach, 445

  insists on dismissal of Sarah and daughters, 448–9

  Marlborough meets (1710), 449

  ceases payments on Blenheim Palace, 450

  receives Willigo Godolphin with peppercorn rent for Blenheim, 454

  dismisses Marlborough, 461

  and payments to Marlborough, 461

  approves Marlborough’s departure for continent, 463

  and Hanoverian succession, 467–8

  death and burial, 469–70

  and Marlborough’s return from continent, 469

  Marlborough pleads for mercy for libeller, 480 see also Cockpit, the

  Antwerp:

  French wish to control, 66

  Allied attempt on (1703), 241–4

  Marlborough takes, 349

  Marlborough proposes as capital of Spanish Netherlands, 371

  Marlborough visits (1812–13), 464, 467, 469

  Arco, Jean Baptiste, comte d’, 270–4, 276

  Ardennes, 249

  Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of, 94–6, 108, 110–11, 128

  Argyll, John Campbell, 2nd Duke of:

  fights duel, 21

  shares command with Cadogan, 211

  attacks Ramillies, 344

  at Oudenarde, 386

  on Webb’s loquaciousness, 401

  opposes Marlborough’s bid for captain generalcy for life, 415

  at Malplaquet, 426, 428

  denies wearing breastplate, 428

  supports Harley, 442

  purged from army, 467

  command in 1715 Jacobite rebellion, 470

  qualities, 477

  Arleux, 454, 456

  Arlington, Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of, 45–7, 51, 60, 63, 69, 76

  arms and armour:

  development and supply, 204–5

  Armstrong, Captain-Lieutenant Sir Thomas, 17

  army (British):

  under Charles II, 48–50, 53–4, 78

  officers’ commissions and careers, 54–5, 446–7

  James II’s, 131–5

  Catholics in, 132–4, 140

  and conspiracy against James II, 140

  Marlborough advocates reform, 140

  Marlborough remodels under William, 158–9

  mutiny (1689) and desertions, 158, 160, 221–2

  supply and foraging, 160–1

  unrest and dissatisfaction in, 160

  reduced after Treaty of Ryswick, 189

  strength of units, 216, 221

  recruitment, 221

  qualities and character, 477–8

  Arneth, Alfred, Ritter von, 375

  Arni, Eric Gruber von, 266, 306

  Arras, 453, 455

  Artagnan, Charles de Batz de Castelmore, comte d’, 76

  Artaignan, Lieutenant General Joseph de Montesquiou, comte d’, 384, 387–8, 424, 432

  artillery see cannon

  Ashe House, Dorset, 41–3

  asiento de negros, 458

  Asse, Flanders, 374–5

  Ath, 349, 395

  Athens:

  siege of Acropolis (1687), 74

  Athlone, General Godert de Ginkel, 1st Earl of, 169, 171, 224

  Atkinson, C.T., 80, 171, 184, 429

  Atkyns, Captain Richard, 40

  Aubach, Lieutenant General, Count of, 312

  Aubenchel le Sec, 454

  Aughrim, battle of (1691), 16, 171

  Augsburg, 251

  see also League of Augsburg

  Augustus II, King of Poland-Lithuania, 357

  Aulnois gap, 422–3

  Austria (Empire):

  in War of Spanish Succession, 193, 362

  Hungary rebels against, 250–1

  war with Spain, 459

  Auvergne, Major General François Egon de la Tour, 426, 430

  Avesnes le Comte, 455

  Axminster, 113

  Aylmer, Admiral Matthew, Baron, 137

  Ayres, Captain (of Gloucester), 97–8

  Baden, Ludwig Wilhelm I, Margrave of (Prince Louis):

  and Boufflers’ advance on Rhine, 224

  command on Rhine, 241, 251–2, 268

  military career, 251

  Marlborough promises to supply, 253

  favours attack on Moselle, 255–6

  at the Schellenberg, 268, 270–2, 274–5

  disagreements with Marlborough, 270

  objects to plundering of Bavaria, 278

  and Marlborough/Eugène’s strategy, 279

  at siege of Landau, 305

  defeated at Speyerbach, 305

  misses Blenheim, 305, 309

  and Marlborough’s 1705 campaign, 309–10, 312

  wounded at Schellenberg, 309

  takes waters, 311

  exasperates Marlborough by slow progress, 326

  and Marlborough’s 1706 campaign plans, 330–1

  defeated on Rhine by Villars (1706), 331–2

  Baden, Treaty of (1714), 459

  Bank of England:

  established (1694), 189

  Barcelona:

  captured by British, 329

  Barillon, Paul, 109

  Barrier Treaty, First (1709), 435

  Bart, Jean, 188

  Bastide, comte de la, 272

  Bate, Revd Richard and Elizabeth, 22

  Bath:

  in Monmouth rebellion, 117

  Anne’s court in, 180

  Sarah visits, 239

  Bathurst, Sir Benjamin, 108, 190

  Bathurst, Frances, Lady (née Apsley), 104, 108

  battle, order of, 212–13

  Bavaria:

  defects to France, 248, 249–50, 252

  Prince William of Baden in, 251

  Marlborough fails to defeat, 261

  troops at Donauwörth, 273

  haras
sed and plundered, 277–8, 283, 480

  Tallard joins, 277–9, 280–1

  and battle of Ramillies, 333, 338, 346

  and absorption of Mindelheim, 463, 466

  Bavaria, Maximilian Emmanuel, Elector of:

  allies with French, 193, 239, 250

  at Höchstädt, 248

  and Marlborough’s campaign in Germany, 251, 253–4, 256, 268

  at Donauwörth, 269–72

  Marlborough harries, 277–8, 283

  and confusion of command, 282

  underestimates Marlborough’s strength at Blenheim, 282

  at battle of Blenheim, 289, 294

  joins Villeroi on Rhine, 305

  support from Duke of Berwick, 370

  threatens Brussels, 402–3

  disagreements with Villars, 412

  Bavay, 422, 432, 434

  Beachy Head, battle of (1690), 168

  Beaufort, Henry Somerset, 1st Duke of, 114, 116–17, 147

  Beaumont, John, 140

  Bedburg, 258

  Bedmar, Isidor Jean Joseph Dominique de la Cueva de Benavide, Count of, 242, 244

  Behn, Aphra, 18

  Beinheim, Major General, 275

  Belcastel, Pierre de, 253

  Belfort, 249

  Bellew, Colonel Thomas, 19, 24

  Bence-Jones, Mark and Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, 27

  Benson, William, 22

  Bentinck, Anne (née Villiers), 162

  Bentinck, William see Portland, 1st Earl of

  Bergen op Zoom, 242, 246

  Bergeyck, Jean de Brouchoven, comte de, 371

  Bergh, Johan van den, 371, 438–9

  Berkeley House, Piccadilly, 180–1

  Berkeley, Colonel John see Fitzharding, Baron

  Berkeley, George, 1st Earl of, 180

  Berkeley, Rear Admiral John, 3rd Baron, 183

  Berlin:

  Marlborough visits, 305, 329

  Berry, Sir John, 97–9

  Berwick, Anne, Duchess of (née Bulkeley), 165

  Berwick, James FitzJames, Duke of:

  status, 3

  memoirs, 8

  dukedom, 27

  defeats Galway at Almanza, 28, 209, 356

  birth, 48

  suppresses Protestant insurrection, 130

  replaces Oxford as colonel of Blues, 138

  and William’s invasion of England, 148, 150

  and Jacobite rebellion (1715), 153

  marriage, 165

  secret visits to England, 186–7

  on Schomberg’s garter at Boyne, 195

  captures Kerr, 215

  on Marlborough’s defeat of Boufflers, 230

  requests pass for master of horse, 248

  command in Spain, 350, 358

  sends troops to Italy and Toulon, 358–9

  command in Spanish Netherlands (1708), 370, 372, 379, 393

  Louis XIV suggests sending support to Elector of Bavaria, 370

  and Allied siege of Lille, 395–6

  Marlborough maintains relations with, 467

  Bethkany, Countess Eleanora, 266

  Béthune, 393, 419, 451, 455

  Biron, Lieutenant General Charles Armand de Gontaut, marquis de, 382–4, 392

  Bishop, Corporal Matthew:

  on campaigns, 8

  at battle of Oudenarde, 390

  at demolition of Ypres ramparts, 393

  on casualties at Malplaquet, 433–4

  on ending of war, 462

  qualities, 477

  Black Forest, 250

  Blackader, Colonel John:

  papers, 8

  on campaign in Germany (1704), 265

  piety, 265

  on speed of movement in Marlborough’s 1705 campaign, 311

  at battle of Ramillies, 340–1

  at battle of Oudenarde, 389

  at siege of Lille, 397

  on casualties at Malplaquet, 433

  Bland, Sir John, 280

  Blandford, John Churchill, Marquess of (Marlborough’s son):

  portrait, 12

  death from smallpox, 16, 234–6, 257, 481

  birth, 102

  family life, 190

  Blandford, William (Willigo) Godolphin, Marquess of, 449, 454

  Blanzac, Brigadier Charles de La Rochefoucauld-Roye, marquis de, 296, 366

  Blathwayt, William, 90, 134–5, 158, 200, 207, 210–11

  Blenheim, battle of (1704):

  Franco-Bavarian army defeated, 252

  deployment and engagement, 282–96, 479

  casualties, prisoners and captured equipment, 296–7

  effect of victory on Tories, 298

  effect on French, 356

  fought on Sunday, 478–9

  Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire:

  building, 4, 301–2, 321, 351–2, 472–3

  Vanbrugh designs, 300–1

  cost and payments for, 301–2, 412, 445, 463, 472

  Anne ceases payments for, 450

  Marlboroughs occupy, 473

  Hawksmoor takes over building, 477

  Sarah finishes, 477

  Bléron Farm, 424

  Blood, Colonel Holcroft, 272, 280, 291, 305, 313

  Bloody Assizes (1685), 126, 129

  Bolingbroke, Henry St John, Viscount:

  on peerage, 29

  Toryism, 36

  criticises Almanza campaign, 209

  succeeds Blathwayt as secretary at war, 258

  and Marlborough’s 1705 campaign, 312

  and Cardonnel’s report in London Gazette, 325

  in Anne’s all-party government, 353

  as lord keeper, 444

  and Marlborough’s powers of promotion, 447

  on Sarah’s dismissal by Anne, 450

  negotiates Peace of Utrecht, 458, 462

  viscountcy, 458

  on Marlborough’s departure for continent, 463

  and James Francis Edward Stuart’s claims to succession, 468

  heads government in succession to Oxford, 469

  and Marlborough’s return from continent, 469

  George I dismisses, 470

  praises Marlborough, 482

  Letters on the Study of History, 482

  Bonn:

  siege and capture (1703), 241–2, 249

  Bordet, Colonel du, 272, 274

  Boscawen, Jael, 104

  Boser Couter, 386, 388

  Bossu gap, 422–3

  Bostaquet, Captain Isaac Dupont de, 147, 167, 198

  Bothmar, Major General Hans Kaspar, Baron von, 295, 297, 373, 375, 448, 450, 469–70

  Bouchain, 453, 457

  Boufflers, Marshal Louis François, duc de:

  travels incognito, 216

  in Spanish Netherlands in 1703 campaign, 224–7, 229–30

  qualities, 230, 395

  defends Lines of Brabant, 242, 244, 246

  and siege of Lille, 395, 399

  surrenders Lille, 402–4

  falls ill, 412

  joins Villars, 421

  in battle of Malplaquet, 423–4, 430–2

  on wounded at Malplaquet, 433

  Bourbon dynasty, 459

  Bourlon Wood, near Cambrai, 456

  Bowshire, Flurry, 32

  Boyle, Henry, Baron Carleton, 373, 379, 394–6, 398

  Boyle, Robert, 14

  Boyne, battle of the (1690), 16, 93, 157, 168

  Brabant:

  cost of war in, 329

  French collapse in, 348–50

  in Marlborough’s 1708 strategy, 371

  Brabant, Lines of, 240, 242–3, 246–8, 312–16, 326

  demolished, 323–4

  Brandenburg, Elector of see Frederick I, King of Prussia

  Breda, Declaration of (1660), 44–5

  Brenner Pass, 250

  Brest:

  failed attack on (1694), 182–4

  Breusch, river, 80

  Bridgewater, Elizabeth, Countess of (née Churchill; Marlborough’s daughter):

  birth, 102


  marriage, 234

  birth of son, 253

  death from smallpox, 468, 471

  Bridgewater, Scrope Egerton, 4th Earl of, 234

  Bridgwater, Somerset, 120–1, 123, 125

  Bridport, Dorset, 112–13

  Brihuega, Spain, 209, 303, 357

  Bringfield, Colonel James, 222, 343

  Brinvilliers, Marie Madeleine Gobelin, marquise de, 66–7

  Bristol:

  in Monmouth rebellion, 116–18, 120

  Bruce, Charles, Baron, 31–2

  Bruges, 89, 349, 372, 375–8, 393, 397, 399, 402, 404, 406–7

  Brussels, 348, 371, 373, 375, 394–5, 402–3

  Brydges, James, 439

  Buckingham, George Villiers, 2nd Duke of, 63–4

  The Battle of Sedgemoor, 127

  Buckingham, John Sheffield, 1st Duke of (earlier 3rd Earl of Mulgrave and Marquess of Normanby):

  requests marquessate of James II, 26

  relations with Princess Anne, 103

  on desertions from James II, 155

  dukedom, 238

  builds Buckingham House (later Palace), 239

  Marlborough warns Godolphin of, 280

  gives up Privy Seal post, 298, 304

  Sarah’s opposition to, 298

  Buhl, 250

  Bulkeley, Henry, 165

  Bulow, General Kuno Josua von, 374, 385

  Burgundy, Louis of France, Duke of:

  campaign in Flanders (1708), 216, 369, 371, 378–9

  relations with Vendôme, 370, 378, 390

  and battle of Oudenarde, 382–3, 385–6, 389–90

  Louis XIV instructs, 393–4

  fails, 412

  death, 462

  Burnet, Gilbert, Bishop of Salisbury:

  collaboration with Sarah Marlborough, 7

  on death of Elizabeth Gaunt, 18

  on Charles II’s standing army, 49

  on Charles II’s storytelling, 57

  on legitimising Monmouth, 77

  on judicial torture, 94

  drafts memoir for Sarah on James II, 96

  on loss of Gloucester, 97

  on Marlborough’s mission to Louis XIV, 109

  on French persecution of Protestants, 130

  on conspiracies against James II, 136

  on Duke of Berwick, 148

  on Mackay, 172

  and William’s view of Marlborough, 174

  attitude to Marlborough, 190

  in Duke of Gloucester’s court, 190

  informs Anne of succession to throne, 194

  History of His Own Times, 148, 175–6, 190, 449

  Burton, Ivor, 31, 423, 461

  Butler, Iris:

  Rule of Three, 237

  Buys, Willem, Pensioner of Amsterdam, 324

  Byng, Admiral George (later Viscount Torrington), 137, 215

  Byng, John, 15

  cabal, 52, 78

  Cadogan, Bridget (née Waller), 210

  Cadogan, Charles, 2nd Baron, 30

  Cadogan, Henry, 210

  Cadogan, Margaretta, Countess (née Munter), 212

  Cadogan, General William, 1st Earl:

  papers, 6–7, 212

 
Turn Navi Off
Turn Navi On
Scroll Up
Scroll
Add comment

Add comment