Sahib, p.63
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       Sahib, p.63

           Richard Holmes
 

  72 Fenton, Journal, pp. 68-9.

  73 Fenton, Journal, p. 321.

  74 Mason, Guardians, pp. 129-30.

  75 Byron Farwell, Armies of the Raj (London: 1990), p. 141.

  76 Hervey, Soldier of the Company PP. 39-40.

  77 Russell, Mutiny Diary p. 284.

  78 Russell, Mutiny Diary pp. 118-19.

  79 Lunt (ed.), Sepoy to Subedar, p. 26.

  80 Captain J. H. Leslie, Masonic Calendar for the Punjab District for the Year 1895-6, p. 20.

  81 Masonic Year Book 1919, passim.

  82 Wolseley, Story I, p. 82. Vaughan subsequently died of his wounds, but recounted this story before doing so.

  83 George Carter journal in British Library Oriental and India Office Collection, Mss Eur E262.

  84 Gordon, Soldier of the Raj, p. 146.

  85 I was amused to read in Martin Short’s Inside the Brotherhood (London: 1989) that masons had the Territorial Army of my day ‘sewn up’. I rose from private soldier to become its senior serving officer. I am not, nor have I ever been, a mason.

  86 Wilberforce, Unrecorded Chapter, P. 34.

  87 Rees, Personal Narrative, p. 62.

  88 Richards, Old Soldier, p. 75.

  89 Major A. T. Moore, Notes for Officers Proceeding to India (Chatham: 1912), p. 26.

  90 Quoted in Farwell, Armies, p. 59.

  91 David Dilkes, Curzon in India (London: 1968), II, pp. 253-4.

  92 The best account of the whole disgraceful episode is in Anglesey, British Cavalry IV, pp. 498-502.

  93 Mosley, Curzon, p. 100.

  94 Richards, Old Soldier, p. 109.

  95 Gomm to Lt Gen. R. J. H. Birch, July 1851, in Gomm Papers, National Army Museum 1987-11-116-143.

  96 Tuker (ed.), Henry Metcalfe, pp. 19-20.

  97 ‘Courts Martial of British Officers in India 1861-75’, British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, L/Mil/5/674.

  98 Register in National Archives, WO 88/1.

  99 Mason, Matter of Honour, caption facing p. 112.

  100 Hervey, Soldier of the Company, p. 44.

  101 The notions of monotheism and polytheism do not really make sense when applied to Hindu thought. The individual gods and goddesses of Hinduism exist as images, or as representations of various aspects of life, but are not generally believed to have an independent existence. This level of subtlety was lost on many (though by no means all) British officers and men, some of whom thought of the Hindu pantheon in the most literal many-armed, multivisaged, cosmic-dancing way. And I cannot deny a sneaking affection for the Lord Ganesh. See Mel Thompson, Eastern Philosophy (London: 1999), p. 9.

  102 Holman, Sikander Sahib, p. 234.

  103 Marsham (ed.), Havelock, p. 21.

  104 Marsham (ed.), Havelock, pp. 36-7.

  105 Letters of William Porter, British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Mss Eur G128.

  106 Mountain, Memoirs and Letters, p. 267.

  107 Sherer, Daily Life, p. 5.

  108 Forbes-Mitchell, Reminiscences, P. 13.

  109 David, Indian Mutiny, pp. 72-3.

  110 Diary of Richard Hardcastle, British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Photo Eur 332.

  111 Bromfield (ed.), Lahore to Lucknow, p. 112.

  112 Forbes-Mitchell, Reminiscences, P. 93.

  113 Inglis, Siege of Lucknow, pp. 60-1.

  114 ‘Private Charles Goodward’, in Brander (ed.), Sword and Pen, P. 93.

  115 Wolseley, Story, I, p. 376.

  116 Quennell (ed.), William Hickey, IV, pp. 170-1.

  117 Anglesey (ed.), Pearman’s Memoirs, p. 65.

  118 Rotton, The Chaplain’s Narrative, p. 98.

  119 Anson, With HM 9th Lancers, p. 25.

  120 Wilberforce, Unrecorded Chapter, pp. 130-3.

  121 Rees, Personal Narrative, pp. 217-18.

  122 Rees, Personal Narrative, p. 217.

  123 VC citation quoted in Anglesey, British Cavalry, III, p. 63.

  124 Forbes-Mitchell, Reminiscences, pp. 256-7.

  125 Callwell, Stray Recollections, I, P. 253.

  126 Quoted in Anglesey, Cavalry, II, P. 338.

  127 Sherer, Daily Life, pp. 101-2.

  128 Cotton, Inscriptions, p. 230.

  129 Fraser, Sixty Years, p. 160.

  130 ‘Lieutenant Walter Campbell’, in Brander (ed.), Sword and Pen, p. 81.

  131 ‘Lieutenant Walter Campbell’, in Brander (ed.), Sword and Pen, p. 84.

  132 Roberts, Forty-One Years, p. 295.

  133 Elers, Memoirs, pp. 93-4.

  134 ‘Lieutenant Walter Campbell’, in Brander (ed.), Sword and Pen, p. 85.

  135 Heathcote, Indian Army, p. 158.

  136 George Carter journal in British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Mss Eur E262.

  137 Dodwell and Miles, Alphabetical List of Officers of the Indian Army (London: 1838), passim..

  138 Hervey, Soldier of the Company, p. 101.

  139 Inglis, Siege of Lucknow, p. 39.

  140 Vansittart (ed.), From Minnie, with Love, p. 112.

  141 Captain Birch’s account in Inglis, Siege of Lucknow, p. 79.

  142 Pearse, East Surrey Regiment, p. 337.

  143 Fenton, Journal, p. 77.

  144 Elers, Memoirs, p. 57.

  145 Heathcote, Indian Army, p. 149.

  146 Quennell (ed.), William Hickey, IV, pp. 21-2.

  147 Cotton, List of Inscriptions, p. 184.

  148 Elers, Memoirs, pp. 83-4.

  149 Elers, Memoirs, pp. 81-9.

  150 Wood, Gunner at Large, p. 144.

  151 Forbes-Mitchell, Reminiscences, p. 217.

  152 Pran Nevil, Glimpses of the Raj (Somaiya: 1998), p. 10.

  153 Kenneth Ballhatchet, Race, Sex and Class under The Raj (London: 1980), passim.

  154 Gordon, Soldier of the Raj, p. 119.

  155 Richards, Old Soldier, pp. 198-9.

  156 Richards, Old Soldier, pp. 77-8.

  157 Quoted in Farwell, Armies of the Raj, p. 152.

  158 Quoted in Allen, Soldier Sahibs, p. 240.

  159 Maud Diver, The Englishman in India (London: 1909), p. 18.

  160 Andrew Ward, Our Bones Are Scattered: The Cawnpore Massacres and the Indian Mutiny of 1857 (London: 1996), pp. 416-17.

  161 Coghill account in National Army Museum, 7207-4-1.

  162 Quoted in Pat Barr, The Memsahibs (London: 1976), pp. 11-12.

  163 Fenton, Journal, pp. 90-1.

  164 Dickinson (ed.), Miss Eden’s Letters, pp. 287-8.

  165 Low (ed.), Fifty Years, p. 62.

  166 Smith, Victorian RSM, p. 21.

  167 Swinson and Scott (eds), Waterfield, p. 107.

  168 Anglesey, Cavalry, I, p. 131.

  169 Gunner Alfred Wilson in British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Photo Mss Eur 333.

  170 Anglesey (ed.), Pearman’s Memoirs, p. 60.

  171 Letter in British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Photo Mss Eur 361.

  172 General Sir Neville Lyttelton, Eighty Years Soldiering, Politics, Games (London: 1927), p. 79.

  173 Fane, Miss Fane, p. 86.

  174 M. M. Kay, The Golden Calm: An English Lady’s Life in Moghul Delhi (Exeter: 1980), p. 215.

  175 Woodruff, Guardians, p. 124.

  176 Lawrence, India We Served, p. 59.

  177 Russell, Mutiny Diary, pp. 26-7.

  178 Lawrence, India We Served, p. 58.

  179 Quoted in Barr, Memsahibs, p. 97.

  180 Anglesey (ed.), Pearman’s Memoirs, p. 68.

  181 ‘A Grenadier’s Diary’, in British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Photo Mss Eur 097.

  182 Diary of Sapper Thomas Burford in British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Photo Mss Eur 283.

  183 Staff Surgeon J. Jeffreys, The British Army in India (London: 1858), p. 101.

  184 Wonnacott Collection in the British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Mss Eur 376/3.

  185 Wonnacott C
ollection in the British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Mss Eur C 376/3.

  186 Correspondence of Conductor William Porter in British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, Mss Eur G128.

  187 Marsham (ed.), Havelock, p. 44.

  188 MacGregor, Life and Opinions, I, p. 330.

  189 Roberts, Forty-One Years, pp. 265, 273, 303.

  190 Daly, Memoirs, p. 217.

  Envoi

  1 De Rhé-Philipe and Irving, Soldiers of the Raj, p. 4.

  2 De Rhé-Philipe and Irving, Soldiers of the Raj, p. 156.

  3 Lawrence, India We Served, p. 93.

  4 Shephard, Coote, p. 190.

  5 Muter, Recollections, p. 258.

  6 Bayley, Reminiscences, pp. 205-6.

  7 Griffiths, Narrative, pp. 190-1.

  8 Elers, Memoirs, p. 189.

  9 John Ryder, ‘Four Years Service in India, by a Private Soldier’, appendix to Swinson and Scott (eds), Waterfield, p. 180.

  10 Anglesey (ed.), Pearman’s Memoirs, pp. 115-16.

  11 Richards, Old Soldier, p. 335.

  12 Daly (ed.), Memoirs, pp. 330-1.

  13 Kipling, ‘One Viceroy Resigns’, in Kipling’s Verse, p. 68.

  14 Wardrop, Pig-Sticking, p. 290.

  15 Aliph Cheem is the pen name of Walter Yeldham.

  INDEX

  The pagination of this electronic edition does not match the edition from which it was created. To locate a specific passage, please use the search feature of your e–book reader.

  Ranks and titles are generally the highest mentioned in the text

  Abbot, General Sir James 199, 202–3

  Abbotabad 203

  Abdurrahman Khan, Amir of Afghanistan 86

  Adams, RevdJ. W., VC 467

  Addiscombe Military Seminary 214, 250, 253

  Aden 187

  adjutant birds, trick practised on 166–7

  adjutants 219

  Adlercron, Colonel 182

  Afghan artillery 355

  Afghan Wars

  First (1839–42) 55–9, 85

  Second (1878–80) 82, 85–6

  Afghanistan, barrier against Russian expansion 59

  Agg, Lieutenant James 220

  Agnew, Patrick Alexander Vans 66, 67

  Agra 38, 39, 276

  barracks 143–4

  Agra Tent Club 168

  Ahmed Shah Durrani, Amir of Afghanistan 54

  Ahmednagar, capture (1803) 312, 376

  Akbar, Mughal emperor 28, 36, 39, 40

  Akbar Khan 56, 57, 58, 397

  Ala-ud-din Khalji, Sultan of Delhi 36

  Aligarh, capture (1803) 310

  Aliwal, battle (1846) 5, 65, 367–8, 416, 499

  Allahabad 139, 316

  Allard, Jean François 62, 306

  Allen, Major 478–9

  allowances 72, 272–3

  Amboina massacre (1623) 45, 46

  ammunition, artillery 337–40

  canister 337, 340

  common shell 338

  grapeshot 340

  roundshot 337, 338, 339–40

  shrapnel shells 337, 338

  spherical case 337

  amputations 403, 404

  Ananti Ram 260

  Anderson, Lieutenant William 66, 67

  Andrews, Lieutenant Thomas 243

  Andrews, Sub-Conductor William 238

  Anglo-Indians xxvi–xxvii

  Anson, General the Hon. George 74–5, 473

  Anson, Major Octavius 76–7, 148, 420, 465

  Anti-Opium Society 435

  apartheid attitudes, development of 72

  Arcot 47

  Arcot, Nawab of 50, 51

  Argaum, battle (1803) 55, 333

  Army Bearer Corps 257

  Army of the Deccan (1817–18) 274, 281

  Army of the Indus 55–6, 377–9

  Army of Retribution 58

  Army Temperance Association 434

  arrack 417, 418

  artillery, British

  breaching batteries 381

  counter-battery role 336

  organisation 220

  artillery, British – cont.

  siege batteries, on parade 382–3

  siege trains 381–2

  see also horse artillery; Royal Artillery

  artillery fire, advances under 342–3, 345–6

  artillery, Indian 337

  Afghan 355

  Maratha 333

  Mysore 332–3

  Sikh 8–9, 333

  Assaye, battle (1803) 55, 294, 311, 321, 328, 333, 336–7, 364, 402, 499–500

  Aston, Colonel Henry Hervey 161, 225, 478–9

  Atkins, Richard Riley 427

  attitudes, British

  offensive towards Indians 452–4

  tranformation of 445–9

  Attock 205

  bridge across Indus at 26–7, 196

  Auckland, George Eden, 1st Earl of [Governor General, 1836–42] 55, 58, 59, 61

  Aurangzeb, Mughal emperor 39–40

  Avitabile, Paolo di 62, 306–7

  Ayub Khan, governor of Herat 86, 354

  Aziz Khan, Subadar Major 299

  Babur (Zahir-ud-din Muhammad) 38–9

  Badli ke Serai, battle (1857) xxxii, 75, 230, 337–8, 341, 345–6, 353

  Bahadur Shah II, King of Delhi 43, 74, 77

  Baird, Major General Sir David 278, 386–7

  Baji Rao II, Maratha Peshwa 71

  Bancroft, Staff Sergeant Nathaniel W. 8, 10, 18, 130, 138–9, 235, 265, 294–325. 334. 340. 409, 418

  bandmasters 137

  bands, regimental 136–7, 145

  Bangalore 140, 374

  Banks, Sir Joseph 448–9

  Banks, Major 390

  Bannu 204, 205, 208–9

  Barasat, Bengal, military college at 250

  Bareilly 34, 467

  Barnard, Major General Sir Henry 75, 77, 230, 353, 473

  Barnsley, Corporal George 289

  Baroda 83

  Barr, Second Lieutenant 344

  Barrackpore 73

  barracks 138–9, 142–4

  sanitation 469

  see also Chatham Barracks, Kent

  Barry, Charlotte 436–7

  Barsotelli, Signor 148

  Barter, Lieutenant Richard xxxii, 32–3, 184, 230, 337–8, 341, 345–6, 362

  Bartrum, Kate 391, 395

  Bartrum, Richard 391, 395

  Bassano, Ensign Alfred 282

  bat [slang] 175, 176–7

  bathing, daily 160–1

  batta 53, 72, 272–3

  Battye, Lieutenant Colonel Frederick 247

  Battye, George 247

  Battye, Major Leigh 247

  Battye, Lieutenant Quentin 247

  Battye, Richmond 247

  Battye, Major Wigram 247

  Bayley, Clive 491

  Bayley, Emily 491

  Bayley, Major J. A. 98, 113–14, 129, 139, 152, 165, 265, 407, 501

  bayonet attacks 337, 346–7

  bayonets 348, 350

  Bayram Khan 39

  beer 420, 422

  Bellars, Lieutenant 2

  Bellasis, Captain John Harvey 305

  Bengal 49

  climatic variation 30–1

  Permanent Settlement 53

  Bengal Army 254

  sepoys’ grounds for complaint 71–2

  analysis of officers 248–9

  close to mutiny in 1857 73

  Bengal Club, Calcutta 157

  Bennet, Colour Sergeant John 385–6

  Bennett, Private 277

  Benson, Colonel 9–10

  Bentinck, General Lord William Cavendish [Governor General, 1833–35] 185, 186, 246, 430

  Benyon, Lieutenant W. G. L. 172, 298

  Berhampore 115

  Bernadotte, Sergeant Jean [later Marshal of France and King of Sweden] 217

  Bernard, Father 466

  Bertrand, Father 464, 465–6

  Best, Captain Samuel 130

 
bheesties, regimental 127–8

  Bhonsla of Berar 54, 55

  Bhurtpore 374

  siege (1805) 55, 321, 333, 387–8, 404

  siege (1825) 214

  bibis 436, 437, 438, 439

  Bidar 374

  Bihar 49

  Bijapur 36

  Bikaner, Maharaja of 290

  Birkenhead (troopship), loss of (1852) 92–3

  Black Hole of Calcutta (1756) 46

  Blacker, Colonel Valentine 303

  Blackford, Quartermaster Sergeant 489

  Blake, George 308–9

  blind wells 412

  Blood, Lieutenant General Sir Bindon 86, 454–5

  Blunt, Revd 464

  Board of Control 52

  Bokhapur 140

  Bolton, Major 352

  Bolton, Riding Master 320, 321

  Bombay 45, 118–19, 120

  Gateway to India 120

  Bombay Army 254

  bombs 381

  Boyd, Dr 405

  Brabazon, Captain 422

  Brahmins 299

  Brassey, Captain Willoughby 252

  bravery, suicidal 316, 319

  brewing industry 420

  Bridgeman, Sergeant D. 450

  brigadier 228, 230

  brigadier general 228, 230

  Brinjarries 256

  British Army

  breaking camp and on the march 121–6, 128–30, 136–7

  encampment 131–2

  enlistment, terms of 233

  officers, social backgrounds 249–50

  officers’ commissions 239

  purchase 224–6

  granted without purchase 227

  pay, officers’ 224

  promotion, of NCOs to officer 322

  promotion, officers’

  by brevet 322–3

  by purchase 224–6

  by seniority 219, 226, 227–8, 230–1

  re-organisation (1881) 253

  recruitment 221–3

  British troops, ratio to Indian 216

  Broadfoot, Major George 63, 214–15, 378, 397

  Brooke, Brigadier ‘Bully’ 334, 336

  Brooke, Brigadier General H. F. 124

  brothels, regimental 436, 480–1, 483

  Brown, Dr John 403

  Brown, Lieutenant Tod 316

  Browne, Captain James 29–30

  Browne, Major General Sam, VC 486

  Brownrigg, Captain 307–8

  Brudenell, Lieutenant Colonel Lord see Cardigan, Earl of

  Bryant, Lieutenant 312

  Bryden, Dr William 34–5, 57–8, 396

  bullets 356, 357

  Bunerwals 195–6

  bungalows 139, 141–2

  Burford, Sapper Thomas 494

  Burke, Edmund 52

  Burma 85, 215, 273, 447

  Burnes, Sir Alexander 42, 55, 56

  Burns, Lance-Sergeant Sloper 223

  Burr, Colonel 297, 298

 
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