Falling upwards, p.42
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       Falling Upwards, p.42

           Richard Holmes

  David Hempleman-Adams, At the Mercy of the Winds, Bantam, 2001

  J.E. Hodgson, The History of Aeronautics in Great Britain, Oxford 1924

  Richard Holmes, Sidetracks: Explorations of a Romantic Biographer, HarperCollins, 2000

  Richard Holmes, The Age of Wonder, HarperPress, 2008

  Richard Holmes, ‘Joseph Banks Goes Ballooning’, in Seeing Further: The Story of Science and the Royal Society, ed. Bill Bryson, The Royal Society and HarperPress, 2010

  Alistair Horne, Chapter 8, ‘A Touch of Verne’, in The Fall of Paris, London, 1965/1981

  Richard Hengist Horne, ‘Ballooning’, Household Words, Vol. IV, 25 October 1851

  Victor Hugo, L’Année terrible, Paris, 1871

  Victor Hugo, Choses vues, Paris, 1887

  J.L. Hunt, ‘James Glaisher’, Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 37, 1996

  John Jeffries, A Narrative of Two Aerial Voyages with Monsieur Blanchard as Presented to the Royal Society, London, 1786; partly reprinted in Astra Castra

  Jane Loudon, The Mummy! A Tale of the Twenty-First Century, London, 1827

  Thaddeus C. Lowe, My Balloons in Peace and War, 1890. Manuscript Library of Congress, 1931; facsimile published USA, 2009

  Vincent Lunardi, My First Aerial Voyage in England, London, September 1784; and Five Aerial Voyages in Scotland, 1785; partly reprinted in Astra Castra

  Michael J. Lynn, The Sublime Invention: Ballooning in Europe 1783–1820, New York, 2010

  George MacBeth, Anna’s Book, London, 1983

  Ian McEwan, Enduring Love, London, 1997

  Richard Mabey, Turned Out Nice Again: On Living With the Weather, Profile Books, 2013

  Paul Maincent, Genèse de la poste aérienne du siège de Paris, Paris, 1951

  Paul Maincent, Textes et Documents sur … les ballons du siège, Paris, 1952

  Fulgence Marion, Wonderful Balloon Ascents, Paris, 1874

  Monck Mason, Aeronautica, or Sketches Illustrative of the Theory and Practice of Aerostation, London, 1838

  Guy de Maupassant, ‘Mlle Fifi’, ‘Boule de Suif’, ‘Deux Amis’, in Selected Short Stories, Penguin Classics, 1971

  Album Maupassant, Pléiade, Gallimard, 1987

  Henry Mayhew, ‘A Balloon Flight over London’, Illustrated London News, 18 September 1852; edited version reprinted in Astra Castra

  Major John Money, ‘A Balloon flight from Norwich to the North Sea’, 23 July 1785; in Astra Castra

  Félix Nadar, Mémoires du Géant, Paris, 1864

  Félix Nadar, Sous l’incendie, Paris, 1871

  Félix Nadar, Quand j’étais photographe, Paris, 1894

  Fridtjof Nansen, Furthest North, 1897

  Douglas Palmer, The Complete Earth: A Satellite Portrait of Our Planet, Quercus, 2006

  La Part du rêve: De la Montgolfière au Satellite, Grand Palais exhibition catalogue, Paris, 1983

  Edgar Allan Poe, ‘The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall’, New York, 1835; reprinted in Astra Castra

  Edgar Allan Poe, The Trans-Atlantic Balloon Hoax, New York, 1844

  John Poole, ‘Crotchets in the Air’, London, 1838; reprinted in Astra Castra

  Jean Prinet and Antoinette Dilasser, Nadar, Collection Kiosque, Librairie Armand Colin, Paris, 1966

  George Putnam, Andrée: The Record of a Tragic Adventure, New York, 1930

  Rudolf Erich Raspe, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, 1786; expanded English editions 1809, 1896

  Brian Holden Reid, The Civil War and the Wars of the Nineteenth Century, series editor John Keegan, Smithsonian Books, USA, 2006

  Joanna Richardson, Paris Under Siege: A Journal of the Events of 1870–1871, London, 1982

  Ann Rinaldi, Girl in Blue, USA, 1988

  Graham Robb, Victor Hugo, Picador, 1997

  L.T.C. Rolt, The Aeronauts: A Dramatic History of the Great Age of Ballooning, London, 1966 (republished as The Balloonists, 2006)

  Faujas de Saint-Fond, Description des expériences de la Machine Aérostatique, Paris, 1784

  Mary Shelley, The Last Man, London, 1825

  Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘A Defence of Ballooning’, in ‘Shelley at Oxford’, by T.J. Hogg, New Monthly Magazine, 1832; republished in his unfinished Life of Shelley, 1858

  Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘On a Balloon Laden with Knowledge’, poem, 1812

  Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘The Witch of Atlas’, poem, 1820

  Dolly Shepherd (with Peter Hearn), When the ’Chute Went Up: Adventures of a Pioneer Lady Parachutist, London, 1970

  Patrick Stephens, The Romance of Ballooning: The Story of the Early Aeronauts, Patrick Stephens Ltd with Edita Lausanne, 1971

  D.R. Stoddard, Coral Reefs: Research Methods, UNESCO, 1987

  Per Olof Sundman, Ingenjör Andrées luftfärd, Stockholm, 1967

  Marie Thébaud-Sorger, ‘Thomas Baldwin’s Airopaidia, or the Aerial View in Colour’, Seeing From Above: The Aerial View in Visual Culture, I.B. Tauris online publisher, 2012

  Gaston Tissandier, ‘Histoire d’un ballon’, Le Magasin pittoresque, Tome XXXVIII, 1870, Tissandier Collection, Library of Congress, Washington DC

  Gaston Tissandier, Voyages aériens, Paris, 1870

  Gaston Tissandier, ‘Les Ballons du siege de Paris’, Le Magasin pittoresque, Paris, 1872, Tissandier Collection, Library of Congress, Washington DC

  Gaston Tissandier, Histoire de mes ascensions, Paris, 1878

  Gaston Tissandier, Les Ballons dirigibles, Paris, 1885

  Gaston Tissandier, Histoire des ballons et des aéronautes célèbres, 2 vols, Paris, 1890

  Gaston Tissandier, see James Glaisher, Travels in the Air

  Julien Turgau, Les Ballons: Histoire de la locomotion aérienne, avec introduction par Gérard de Nerval, Paris, 1851

  Christopher Hatton Turnor, Astra Castra: Experiments and Adventures in the Atmosphere, London, 1865

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  Jules Verne, The Mysterious Island, 1875

  Jules Verne, The Clipper of the Clouds, 1887

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  John Wise, Through the Air: A Narrative of Forty Years as an Aeronaut, USA, 1873

  William Wordsworth, Peter Bell, poem 1819

  Stan Yorke, Weather Forecasting Made Simple, Countryside Books, 2010


  For kind permission to consult and refer to manuscripts, rare editions, original illustrations, aerial objects and archives, my most grateful acknowledgements are due to the London Library; the British Library, London; the Science Museum, London; the National Aerospace Library, Royal Aeronautical Society, Farnborough; the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris; La Musée de l’Air et de l’Espace, le Bourget, Paris; the Library of Congress, Washington, DC; the Smithsonian Library, Washington, DC; the National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC; the Steven F. Undvar-Hazy Center, Dulles International Airport, Washington, DC; the Anderson-Abruzzo Albuquerque International Balloon Museum, New Mexico, USA; the State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; and the Andrée Expedition Polar Centre, Gränna, Sweden.

  My warmest personal thanks go to Dr Tom Crouch at the NASM, Washington, DC, for his enthusiasm and technical advice, for his definitive work on American ballooning The Eagle Aloft, and for shoehorning me into that hot-air balloon at Albuquerque; to Dr Leonard Bruno at the Library of Congress, for all his patience and kindness in the archives; to Lila Vekerdy, at the Smithsonian Library, Washington, DC, for her support and her cocktails; and to Dr Marilee Nason, the inspired Director of the International Balloon Museum, at Albuquerque, New Mexico.

  I would also like to thank Doug Millard, at the Science Museum, London; Dr Nancy Gwinn, Director of the Smithsonian Library
, Washington, DC; Pierre Lombarde, Directeur, Centre de Documentation at le Bourget; Barbara Kiser, features editor at Nature; and to send an airborne greeting to the Thursday Night Group at Café Central, Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC.

  I have special scholarly debts to L.T.C. Rolt for his brilliant survey The Balloonists; to Professor Clare Brant, King’s College, London, for her wonderful ‘Ballomania’ lecture at the Royal Society in 2007; to Professor Stephan Bann, editor of the stimulating collection Seeing from Above, who generously let me see a number of papers before their publication; to Keith Moore, polymathic head of the Library and Information Services, the Royal Society, London; to Dr Tom Spencer at Magdalene College, Cambridge, for hosting the ‘Aerial View’ session at the Festival Conference in November 2011; to Dr Philip Ball, masterly science writer and lecturer for his swift fly-by of chemical and other matters; and to the Master and Fellows of Churchill College, Cambridge, for electing me to an Honorary Fellowship, and reminding me that engineering and imagination must, more than ever, go arm in arm towards the big ideas for our global future.

  I would like to thank several balloon companies for taking me safely aloft, notably Norwich Balloons, Norfolk; Balloons Aloft, Canberra, Australia; Le Dragon Volant, 30360 St-Hippolyte de Caton, France; and above all the Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta, New Mexico, USA. Among the many skilful and meticulous balloon pilots that it has been my privilege to meet, on terra firma or above it, I would particularly like to express my appreciation to Julian Nott; and to Barbara A. Fricke and Peter J. Cuneo, together placed third in the historic 2004 Gordon Bennett Race, and twice joint winners of the America’s Challenge Gas Balloon Race, in 2001 and 2010.

  A number of wise and learned friends have encouraged me to stay afloat in the strange but fascinating stratos between the arts and the sciences: my old colleague Professor Jon Cook, who regularly ascends with me – literally or metaphorically – above the flatlands of East Anglia; Richard Mabey, who inspires me with meteorological lore; my brother Adrian, of Holmes Hobb Marcantonio, and my sister Tessa, of the Elephantpress, for their shrewd advice on design and presentation; Tim Dee of BBC Bristol; Alan Judd of Intelligence Reformed; Professor Kathryn Hughes, director of the UEA Life Writing MA; and my old and valued mentor Professor George Steiner in Cambridge. I also send greetings to my uncle, Squadron Leader D.C. Gordon, now at maximum altitude.

  Here on the ground I have again been immensely lucky in my outstanding publishing team at HarperCollins. My thanks and appreciation go to Robert Lacey (words), Joe Zigmond (pictures), Jo Walker (design), Helen Ellis (upper-air trajectories), Douglas Matthews (the king of indexers), and above all to my visionary editor Arabella Pike, who does not suffer from any kind of vertigo. Best thanks to my agent David Godwin in London, and to Dan Frank at Pantheon, New York. Finally, greetings to the now far-flung wild Delancey boys (including the Hong Kong division), and to all at the New Balloon Centre at Queens Park, London. To my beloved Rose Tremain: a heartfelt earthly thank you.


  By the same author

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  Gautier: My Fantoms (translator)

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  Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin:

  A Short Residence in Sweden and Memoirs (editor)

  De Feministe en de Filosoof

  Dr Johnson & Mr Savage

  Coleridge: Early Visions

  Coleridge: Darker Reflections

  Coleridge: Selected Poems (editor)

  Footsteps: Adventures of a Romantic Biographer

  Sidetracks: Explorations of a Romantic Biographer

  Insights: The Romantic Poets and their Circle

  Classic Biographies (series editor)

  The Age of Wonder: How the Romantic Generation

  Discovered the Beauty and Terror of Science


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  First published in Great Britain by William Collins in 2013

  Copyright © Richard Holmes 2013

  The author asserts the moral right to be identified as the author of this work

  A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

  Source ISBN: 9780007386925

  Ebook Edition © 2013 ISBN: 9780007467259

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  Richard Holmes, Falling Upwards



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