Rubber plantation busine.., p.1
Rubber Plantation Business, p.1Denis Tifanny
Chapter 1 – Choosing Base and Plant
Choosing Base/Land 3
Choosing Plant 4
Types of rubber 4
Types of Natural Rubber 6
Processed Rubber Material 7
Conventional Natural Rubber 10
Concentrated Latex 13
Block Rubber 15
Crumb Rubber 16
Tyre Rubber 16
Reclaimed Rubber 17
Synthetic Rubber and Its Quality Standard 18
Common Usage of Synthetic Rubber 18
Special Usage of Synthetic Rubber 19
Advantages of Rubber 21
Advantages of Natural Rubber 21
Advantages of Synthetic Rubber 23
Other Usage of Rubber Tree 23
Tillage and Planting Process 28
Rubber Planting System 30
i.Poly-culture System 30
ii.Mono-culture System 32
Way of Planting Seedlings 33
i.Dismantling Seedlings 33
ii. Transport 33
Planting Execution 34
i.Planting Rubber 34
ii.Planting Cover Crops 35
Seeds’ Need 36
Maintaining Plant before Production 37
Fertilizing Plants 38
Selection and Thinning 40
Maintaining Cover Crops 40
Maintaining Plant after Production 40
Pest Disturbance 43
iii.Mammals - Boar 46
Disease Disturbance 48
i.Root Disease – White Root Disease 48
ii.Stem Disease – Spotted Cancer 50
iii.Tapping Field Disease – Line Cancer 52
iv.Leaf Disease – Colletotrichum Disease 53
Mature Tapping Determination 55
Tapping Tools 56
ii.Tapping Knife 56
iv.Collection Cup 57
v.Cup Hanger 57
vi.Hanger Thread 57
viii.Mal Knife 58
Drawing Tapping Field 58
Execution of Tapping 59
i.Tapping Slice Thickness 59
ii.Tapping Slice Depth 60
iii.Execution Time 61
iv.Tapping Field Bark Recovery 61
Frequency and Intensity of Tapping 62
Exploitation System 63
i.Conventional Exploitation System 63
ii.Stimulation Exploitation System 64
iii.Stab Exploitation System 66
Choosing Base And Plant
Choosing your base or your land for the plantation is not that easy. Before you choose the land that you need, you have to check what kind of environmental condition is suitable for planting rubber plants (Hevea Brasiliensis).
Hevea Brasiliensis or rubber plant requirements to survive:
Planted around 0-400m above sea level with the maximum slope of 45°
Deep, well drained loamy soil. Loamy soil has more nutrients and it is more humus than sandy soils, and others. It also retains water.
It needs to be on the plateau so it does not need to tolerate flooding.
It can stay on land of pH 4-8 which is acidic and slightly alkaline.
It needs some legumes (groundcover):
To control the weeds.
To create less competition on the land.
Produces more nitrogen which makes nitrogen not a limited factor.
Keeping soil moist.
Requires annual rainfall of 1500-4000mm/year, evenly throughout the year best will be between 2500-4000mm with 100-150 rainy days per year.
The best temperature for this tree is between 20°C-27°C.
Rubber plantation should be connected in one area and to scattered. The unification of these areas meant for the young plants are easily controlled.
After attaining this knowledge you will be able to look for the suitable place to plant the Hevea Brasiliensis. The list above will be able to let you choose the place and survey the location for the plantation.
Types of rubber
Before choosing a plant, there are other things you need to know. These things are what you call 2 types of rubber. These 2 types are the Natural rubber and the Synthetic Rubber.
Synthetic Rubber is used frequently compared to natural rubber. This is because it has more types of chemical and the price remains stable. It rarely causes any problems sending or supplying consumers. Even though the total production of natural rubber is lower compared to synthetic rubber, natural rubber cannot be replaced by synthetic rubber. Natural rubber has its own excellence that cannot be surpassed by synthetic rubber.
There are more advantages of the natural rubber:
It has perfect resilience and elasticity.
It has good plasticity that it simplifies the process.
Low heat power.
High groove cracking resistance.
There are also other factors that make synthetic rubber special:
Resistance to various types of chemical.
Rarely has any problems sending or supplying to consumers.
The points above are the things that natural rubber lacks. The price and supply of natural rubber will always change, and sometimes it changes turbulently. This turbulent change of price damages the market and troubles the producers. Sometimes because of the release of new regulations from the producer’s government the international market will be affected.
Even though natural rubbers have some weakness in the chemical side, it has a good market share. These market shares are:
Tyre Industry – tyre uses more natural rubber, even though it mixes with synthetic rubber.
Air Plane Industry – almost all of the raw materials of airplane is made put of natural rubber.
Production ratio of Natural rubber and Synthetic rubber is 1 to 2. However the total consumption of both is almost the same.
Rubber Plantation Business by Denis Tifanny / History & Fiction have rating 2.8 out of 5 / Based on17 votes