The fall of berlin 1945, p.61
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       The Fall of Berlin 1945, p.61

           Antony Beevor
 

  Jews and other concentration camp prisoners, persecution and murder of, 38, 49

  Warsaw ghetto, 23

  death marches, 38, 155

  discovery of Auschwitz, 45–6

  Lódź ghetto, 63–4

  Stutthof, 94–5, 122

  Lauenburg, 117

  Nikolayev and Odessa, 169

  forced to rework US incendiary bombs, 174

  Belsen, 191

  massacres in Leipzig area, 191–2

  Eisenhower’s reactions and caring for prisoners, 203

  Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg, 274, 290

  Schulstrasse transit camp, 294–5

  in Berlin, 346–7, 393, 419

  Ravensbrück, 363

  and view of Wermacht generals, 429

  Jodl, Col. Gen. Alfred, 7, 13, 83, 152, 201, 250, 275, 276, 288, 295, 331, 338, 341, 350, 402

  Juhlin-Dannfel, Maj. C. H., 132, 148, 149, 173, 181

  July Plot (20 July 1944), 7, 8, 58, 153, 154, 198, 320, 346, 386

  executions, 57, 74, 75, 181

  Jung, Prof. Dr Gerhard, 374–7, 406

  Junge, Gertrud (Traudl), 252, 278, 343, 344, 358, 359, 361, 382, 388

  Jüterbog, 92, 200, 238, 256

  Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics, Dahlem, 139, 210, 232, 324–5

  Kaltenbrunner, SS-Gpfh. Dr Ernst, 22, 42, 75, 160, 194, 250, 251, 346

  Kardorff, Ursula v., 2, 74, 205, 250, 410, 411, 414, 415

  Karlshorst, 179, 269–70, 404, 405, 428

  Karlsruhe, 192

  Karpov, Gen. V. V., 61

  Kassel, 195

  Katowice, 22, 60

  Katukov, Col. Gen. M. I., 64, 116, 118, 121, 222, 223, 229, 235, 255, 265, 296, 297

  Katyn massacre, 99

  Kazakov, Col. Gen. V. I., 216–17, 262, 280

  Kee, Robert, 41

  Keitel, Field Marshal Wilhelm, 6, 7, 12, 52, 83, 90, 127, 152, 250, 275, 276, 284–5, 288, 295, 337, 338, 357, 403, 404, 405

  Kempka, Erich, 358

  Khrulev, Col. Gen. A. V., 324

  Khrushchev, Nikita, 428

  Kiel, 361, 364

  Kielce, 17, 18

  Kienitz, 69, 70

  Kinzel, Lt. Gen. Eberhardt, 158, 179, 400

  Kissel, Gen. Hans, 40

  Klochkov, Capt., 226

  Knef, Hildegard, 1, 311

  Knesebeck, Lt. Col. von dem, 22

  Koblenz, 140

  Koch, Dr Edgar, 374–7

  Koch, Gauleiter Erich, 27, 50, 64, 68, 75, 187

  Köhler, Gen. Carl-Erik, 284

  Kolberg, 116, 124

  Koller, Gen. Karl, 267, 275, 289

  Komsomol, Central Committee and rape of Soviet women, 108–9, 365

  Konev, Marshal Ivan, 16, 17, 41, 44, 45

  in Silesia, 60, 125–6, 129–30, 132

  and Berlin operation, 146–7, 165, 206, 229, 230, 234, 238, 239, 244, 255–6, 265, 271, 295, 296, 297, 305, 329, 330, 333, 362, 401

  Königsberg, 24, 25, 28, 37, 50, 75, 86, 87, 88, 91, 93, 149, 174

  fall of, 187–8, 235

  Königsplatz, 355, 356

  Königswusterhausen, 261

  Kopelev, Lev, 28, 30, 35

  Köpenick, 269, 297

  Köslin, 125

  Kosmodemyanskaya, Zoya, 212–13

  Kraków, 44, 60, 112

  Krampnitz, 266, 276

  Krasnaya Zvezda (Red Star), 25, 194, 196–8

  Krasovsky, Gen. S. A., 230

  Krebs, Gen. Hans, 91, 150, 152

  appointed Chief of General Staff, 153

  and Bormann’s circle, 154

  and Oder front, 188, 225

  and Hitler, 250

  and threat to Zossen, 265–6

  and battle for Berlin, 268, 275, 277, 286, 299, 304, 322, 337, 340, 350, 351, 359, 362, 364

  and surrender, 367, 368, 369, 370

  and suicide, 382, 387

  Kriegsmarine, 120–21, 149, 343, 402

  Sprengboote, 159

  scratch troops, 159–60, 298, 322

  SHIPS

  Admiral Hipper, 51

  Admiral Scheer, 88

  Leipzig, 120

  Lützow, 88

  Prinz Eugen, 117, 120

  Schlesien, 120

  Krüger, Elsa, 278

  Krukenberg, SS-Brigfh. Gustav, 116, 291–3, 299, 301, 303, 304, 322, 352, 370

  and blowing up S-Bahn tunnel, 370–72, 382, 383, 384

  Kryukov, Gen. Vladimir, 116, 427–8

  Kummersdorf, 333, 362, 377

  Kunz, Dr Helmuth, 361, 380, 381, 391

  Kurchatov, Prof. Igor, 138, 325

  Kurfürstendamm, 339, 345

  Küstrin, 69, 70, 132, 142, 149, 152, 185, 206, 207, 219, 220

  Kuznetsov, Gen. V. I., 384

  Lammerding, SS-Brigfh., 54, 131

  Landsberg, 273

  Lange, Franz, 386, 387

  Lange, Lt. Col. Heiner, 238

  Lauban, 126

  Lauenburg, 117, 122, 247

  Lasch, Gen. Otto, 87

  Lattre de Tassigny, Gen. Jean de, 192, 404

  Laue, Dr Max v., 325

  League of German Officers (BDO), 69, 198

  Leba, 125

  Leipzig, 146, 191, 203

  Lelyushenko, Gen. D. D., 17, 62, 126, 229, 232, 245, 256, 265, 298

  Lend-Lease, 66

  Leningrad, 117

  Lichtenberg, 416

  Lichtenrade, 271

  Lichterfelde, 416

  Linge, Heinz, 359

  Lódź, 44, 64

  Loewe, Lothar, 2

  Lohbeck, Col., 179

  Lorenz, Heinz, 299, 341–2

  Lötzen, 50

  Löwenstein de Witt, Hans Oskar Baron, 294–5

  Lübben, 147, 232, 296

  Lübeck, 137, 141, 292, 294, 400

  ‘Lublin government’, 20, 81

  Luchinsky, Gen. A. A., 298, 318, 333

  Luckenwalde, 256, 306

  Luftwaffe, 131, 249–50, 430

  and attacks on Oder bridges, 133, 159, 237–8

  paratroopers, 159

  scratch troops, 159–60, 323

  and Oder battle, 237–8, 243

  and Elbe front, 263

  and battle for Berlin, 266, 267, 287, 342

  1st Flak Division, 178–9

  9th Parachute Division, 159, 223, 236, 243, 246–7, 286, 385, 388

  25th Parachute Regiment, 92, 117

  27th Parachute Regiment, 218, 223, 237

  Leonidas squadron, 238

  Luttwitz, Gen. Smilo Freiherr v., 22

  Lvov, 100

  Magdeburg, 190, 196, 202, 431

  Magnuszew bridgehead, 17

  Mahlsdorf, 269

  MaiziAre, Col. Ulrich de, 89, 153, 203, 243, 276, 277

  Makhnev, Col. Gen., 324, 325

  Malchow, 265

  Malenkov, G. M., 108, 137, 325

  Malinin, Gen. M. S., 230

  Manhattan Project, xxxiv, 78, 138, 324

  Mannheim, 195

  Manteuffel, Gen. Hasso v., 5, 160, 248, 304, 337, 338, 400

  Manzialy, Constanze, 278, 358, 382, 388

  Marienburg, 49, 115, 117

  Mariendorf, 296

  Marshall, Gen. George C., 78, 79, 80, 142, 195, 364

  Masur, Norbert, 250

  Matrosov, Aleksandr, 166

  Memel, 121

  Merezhko, Capt. Anatoly, 216

  Meseritz line, 63, 66, 68

  Meshik, Gen. P. Ya., 44–5, 61, 308

  Misch, Rochus, 359, 360

  Moabit, 347

  Mobilization of German civilians, 106–7, 185

  Model, Field Marshal, 142–3, 156, 190, 200, 201, 283

  Mohnke, SS-Bdefh., 287, 322, 357, 366, 370, 379, 382, 383, 388, 389

  Molotov, Vyacheslav, 77, 137, 143

  Montgomery, Field Marshal Sir Bernard, 84, 140, 141, 146, 195

  and looting, 193

  and surrender, 400–401

  Morell, Dr Theodor, 252, 275, 277, 359

  Müller, SS-Gpfh. He
inrich, 22, 342

  Müllrose, 270

  Mummert, Maj. Gen. Werner, 339

  Müncheberg, 228, 243, 246, 254, 256, 259

  Munich, 350, 402

  Murphy, Robert, 84–5, 409

  Mussolini, Benito, 98, 357

  National Committee for a Free Germany, 36, 69, 181, 197, 363

  National Redoubt, see Alpine Fortress

  National Socialist Party, 131, 134

  and Freikorps Adolf Hitler, 134–5, 160

  and obsession with 1918, 174–5, 428

  and Werwolf, 175

  and defence of Berlin, 178–9, 356

  and departure of senior officials, 251, 252, 261

  and legacy, 430

  Nauen, 274, 290, 384

  Nehring, Gen. Walther, 45, 62

  Neisse, German Army executions in, 127

  Nemmersdorf, 28, 118

  ‘Nero Order’, 155–8, 202

  Neuhardenberg, 222, 223, 242, 243, 244

  Neukölln, 282, 297, 303, 312–13, 323, 352

  Neustrelitz, 291, 293

  Neustroev, Capt., 349, 354, 365, 372

  NKVD, 16, 20, 421–2

  rear area troops, 29, 30, 36, 38, 45, 61, 82, 97, 98–100, 102–6, 113, 199, 207, 260, 273, 308, 415, 419–20

  postal censorship, 34

  at Yalta, 78

  prisoners, 166, 185, 422

  and Soviet prisoners of war, 167–8, 402

  and Red Army discipline, 168, 184, 273

  and deserters, 184

  arrest of Polish political leaders, 195

  and arrests for contacts with foreigners, 307

  commanders, 308–9, 420

  and Operation Borodino, 324–5

  and chemical weapons, 377

  NKVD DIVISIONS

  57th Rifle Division, 96–7

  NKVD REGIMENTS

  105th Frontier Guards, 308

  127th Frontier Guards, 102

  157th Frontier Guards, 308

  217th Frontier Guards, 107

  333rd Frontier Guards, 308

  108th Special Communications Company, 165

  Novikov, Marshal A. A., 298

  Oderbruch (Oder flood plain), 70, 71, 72, 132, 161, 207, 216, 225–6, 232, 236, 248

  Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 142

  Ohlau bridgehead, 61, 125, 129

  OKH HQ Zossen, 7, 12, 13, 89, 151

  bombing raid on, 150–51, 152, 153, 200

  and Red Army offensive, 225, 240, 241, 243, 265–7

  OKW HQ, 241, 304

  Oldershausen, Libussa von, 118–19, 123

  Operation Barbarossa, 91, 98, 138, 147, 301, 304

  Operation Borodino, xxxiv, 138, 324–6, 406

  Operation North Wind, 8

  Operation Plunder, 192

  Operation Seraglio, 276–7

  Operation Sonnenwende, 90–91, 125, 200

  Oppeln, 60, 62, 112, 127, 129

  Oranienburg, 194, 269, 274, 292

  Osnabruck, 195

  Oster, Maj. Gen. Hans, 181

  Ostermayr, Herta, 252, 254, 278

  Pachur, Capt., 293

  Papen, Franz v., 364

  Patton, Gen. George S. Jnr, 141, 146, 152, 191, 325–6, 364

  Paulus, Field Marshal Friedrich, 68, 69

  Pehrsson, SS-Hauptstfh., 302, 323

  Perkhorovich, Lt. Gen. F. I., 373, 375, 376

  Petersohn, Gerda, 282, 312–13

  Pichelsdorf bridge, 356

  Pieck, Wilhelm, 417

  Pillau, 37, 50, 88, 93

  Plön, 361

  Plötzensee, 246

  Poland, 65, 66

  Soviet policy towards, 20, 69, 77, 80–82, 84, 99–101, 185, 420

  NKVD arrest of Polish leaders, 195, 401

  political unrest in Polish formations, 199–200

  Pomeranian and West Prussian campaign, 87, 89, 90, 91–2, 115–22, 165

  Popov, Col. Gen., 184

  Potsdam

  bombing of, 204–5, 224

  children’s clinic, 224, 272, 298, 328

  and Berlin operation, 256, 258, 266, 268, 276, 285, 294, 329, 353, 377

  Potsdamerplatz, 339, 342, 347

  Poznan (Posen), 44, 64, 65, 66, 67, 91–2, 158, 216, 317

  Prenzlauerberg, 323, 388

  Prisoners

  Allied, 85, 86, 295

  German, 106, 283

  Soviet civilians, 107–12, 165–6, 273, 295, 395, 423–4

  French, 179, 192, 269, 271, 272, 273, 295, 314, 346

  Prisoners of war, Soviet, 41, 85–6, 110–12, 113, 166, 272, 423, 424, 429

  Prague, 225, 280, 297, 340, 364, 401, 402

  Propaganda Ministry, 56

  Prützmann, SS-Obergpfh. Hans, 173–4, 175

  Pukhov, Gen. N. P., 230

  Pulawy bridgehead, 17, 18

  Puttkamer, Jesco Freiherr v., 47, 55, 118–19

  Puttkamer, Admiral v., 276–7

  Radom, 60

  Rape by Red Army

  in East Prussia, 28–32, 118, 188, 326, 410

  of Soviet women, 65, 67, 107–9

  and sack of Schwerin, 67

  abortion after, 157–8, 412

  Ehrenburg on, 197

  in Berlin, 274, 295, 300, 312–13, 314, 326–7, 345–6, 409–12, 414, 418

  Ratibor, 60, 129, 130, 132

  Rattenhuber, Hans, 388, 389

  Ravensbrück concentration camp, 363

  Red Army, 11, 13–14

  and SMERSH, 128, 421–4

  and hygeine, 128–9

  and discipline, 184–5, 346, 413

  and tactics in Berlin street-fighting, 316–18

  FRONTS

  1st Belorussian, 15, 17, 44, 63, 64, 67–8, 87, 93, 111, 115, 145, 147, 184, 206, 210, 216–23;

  and battle for Berlin, 268, 283, 296, 330, 369, 375, 399

  2nd Belorussian, 15, 25, 26, 28, 35, 36, 87, 100, 102–3, 104, 106, 115, 145, 206, 248, 304, 337–8, 363

  3rd Belorussian, 17, 24, 25, 28, 33, 50, 97

  1st Ukrainian, 12, 41, 44, 60, 61;

  in Silesia, 108, 110, 111, 125–30, 145, 147, 165, 167, 169;

  and Neisse-Berlin operation, 206, 207, 225, 230–32, 256, 296, 330, 340

  3rd Ukrainian, 82–3

  4th Ukrainian, 129

  ARMIES

  3rd Guards, 239, 245, 271, 330

  5th Guards, 61, 232, 238, 239, 245, 307

  8th Guards, 17, 44, 65, 66, 67, 71, 87, 149, 150, 151, 163, 206, 210, 220, 222, 227, 242, 246;

  and assault on Berlin, 265, 269, 271, 287, 297, 303, 316, 319, 324, 339, 340, 352, 353, 356, 357, 367, 370, 372

  11th Guards, 24, 187

  2nd Shock, 117

  3rd Shock, 64, 116, 172, 184, 211, 215, 217, 219, 226, 235, 236, 242, 243, 255, 260, 265, 269, 280, 283, 300, 301, 317, 323, 342, 356;

  and assault on Reichstag, 347, 348, 354–6, 357, 365–6, 370, 384, 389

  5th Shock, 17, 44, 69, 149, 167, 220, 222, 226, 227, 242, 243, 244, 256, 265, 269, 287, 297, 300, 339–40, 370, 388, 389

  3rd Army, 34, 105, 303, 323, 330

  13th Army, 230, 238, 245

  19th Army, 29, 30, 117

  21st Army, 60, 129, 164

  28th Army, 245, 298, 318, 330, 340

  33rd Army, 183, 219, 220, 228, 242, 330

  39th Army, 24

  43rd Army, 24, 29, 187

  47th Army, 18, 21, 64, 220, 236, 242, 259, 265, 269, 271, 323, 373–6, 402

  48th Army, 50

  49th Army, 184

  52nd Army, 232, 244, 245

  59th Army, 60, 129

  60th Army, 45, 60, 129–30

  61st Army, 64, 220, 242

  69th Army, 186, 220, 225, 242, 330

  70th Army, 184

  1st Polish, 18, 64, 116, 220, 242

  2nd Polish, 232, 245

  1st Guards Tank, 18, 44, 64, 66, 116, 117, 118, 206, 220, 235, 242, 246, 255;

  and Berlin operation, 265, 269, 287, 296, 303, 316, 319, 372

  2nd Guards Tank, 17, 18, 44, 91, 116, 2
20, 235, 242, 255, 259, 265, 269, 299, 315, 323, 356, 384, 404

  3rd Guards Tank, 17, 60, 108, 126, 232, 239, 241, 245, 255–6, 260, 270, 271, 296;

  storms Teltow Canal, 296–7, 303;

  in Berlin fighting, 318, 319, 324

  4th Guards Tank, 17, 62, 126, 130, 186, 213, 232, 239, 241, 256, 260, 265, 271, 284, 298, 323, 378

  5th Guards Tank, 26, 37, 305

  CORPS

  26th Guards Rifle, 226

  28th Guards Rifle, 226

  32nd Guards Rifle, 307

  50th Guards Rifle, 331

  79th Guards Rifle, 372

  96th Guards Rifle, 331

  3rd Rifle, 172

  9th Rifle, 388

  79th Rifle, 255

  125th Rifle, 259

  1st Guards Cavalry, 307

  2nd Guards Cavalry, 115, 116, 330

  3rd Guards Cavalry, 26, 115

  4th Guards Tank, 307

  6th Guards Tank, 105, 271

  7th Guards Tank, 271

  5th Guards Mechanized, 272, 328

  11th Tank, 235

  25th Tank, 401

  DIVISIONS

  12th Guards Rifle, 220

  27th Guards Rifle, 227

  48th Guards Rifle, 296

  50th Guards Rifle, 333

  54th Guards Rifle, 331

  58th Guards Rifle, 305

  89th Guards Rifle, 69

  94th Guards Rifle, 167

  61st Rifle, 340

  107th Rifle, 45

  150th Rifle, 347, 348, 349, 354, 355, 365

  171st Rifle, 348, 349, 356

  200th Rifle, 184

  230th Rifle, 73

  248th Rifle, 226, 227, 243

  266th Rifle, 227

  301st Rifle, 227, 340, 351

  RED ARMY AVIATION

  2nd Air Army, 230, 298, 331, 334

  16th Air Army, 221, 298, 334

  18th Air Army, 221, 298, 334

  Refior, Col. Hans, 177, 178, 179, 180, 224, 286, 301, 320, 364, 367

  Refugees

  from East Prussia, 36, 37, 47–8, 50, 93

  treks, 46–7

  statistics, 48

  arrival in Berlin, 48–9

  by sea, 50, 88, 93, 94, 188

  treatment by Nazi authorities, 52, 75, 76

  in Brandenburg, 53, 256, 258, 264, 337, 395, 396, 397, 398

  from Breslau and Silesia, 62–3, 83

  Stalin’s satisfaction, 82, 93

  in Pomerania, 117–19

  Nazi Party and abortions for rape victims, 157–8

  Reich Labour Service (RAD), 70, 260, 284, 287n, 303, 328

  Reichenau, Field Marshal Walter v., 276

  Reichhelm, Col. Günther, 200, 201, 284, 285, 378, 379, 397

  Reichsbank, 406

  Reichssportsfeld and Olympic Stadium, 180, 293, 340, 384, 391

  Reichstag, xxxiii, 210, 319, 324, 347, 348, 349, 350

  assault on, 354–6, 365–6, 372, 388, 394,. 426

  Reinecke, Pastor, 386, 387

  Reinhardt, Col. Gen. Hans, 12, 50

  Reinickendorf, 180, 299

  Reitsch, Hanna, 322, 342

  Reitwein Spur, 71, 163, 216–17, 222, 379

 

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