Paris after the liberati.., p.52
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       Paris: After the Liberation 1944-1949, p.52
 

           Antony Beevor

  speech at Harvard, 285

  visits France, 369

  Marshall Plan, 285–8, 291–2, 301, 308, 309, 322, 352–5

  establishment of ECA, 353–4, 355–6

  effects of, 370–71, 374–5, 387

  Martin du Gard, Roger, 234, 296, 304, 351

  Marty, André, 146, 182

  Masaryk, André, 322

  Massigli, René, 101, 108, 109, 114, 115, 286

  Masson, André, 177

  Massu, Georges-Victor, 82

  Massu, Major (later General) Jacques, 45, 50, 51, 388

  Matisse, Henri, 376

  Mauduit, Comtesse Elizabeth de, 148–9

  Mauriac, Claude, 231, 232, 235–6, 284, 295

  Mauriac, François, 102, 108, 114, 131, 138, 139, 142, 143, 168, 209

  and execution of Brasillach, 140–41

  Maurras, Charles, 132, 137

  Mayor, Tess (later Lady Rothschild), 70

  Mendés-France, Pierre, 205–6

  Mendl, Lady (Elsie de Wolfe), 127

  Menthon, François de, 25

  Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, 172, 175, 176, 184, 232, 313, 315, 351

  and Les Temps modernes, 178

  attack on Koestler, 247–8

  Milice, the, 6, 13, 28, 55, 57, 63, 87–8, 165, 172

  Miller, Arthur, 349–50

  Miller, Henry, 360

  Miller, Lee, 61, 71

  Mitford, Nancy (Hon. Mrs Peter Rodd), 193–4, 216, 244, 245, 258–9, 270, 281, 284, 295, 302, 304, 306, 307, 321, 361

  Mitterrand, François, 146, 148, 279, 386

  Moch, Jules, 255

  as Minister of the Interior, winter 1947, 299–301, 303, 306, 308, 309–10

  strikes of 1948, 325, 328, 329

  Modigliani, Jeanne, 334

  Molotov, Vyacheslav, 17, 116n, 117, 236, 239, 243, 275

  and Marshall Plan, 286–7

  Molyneux, Captain Edward, 308

  Monde, Le, 170, 378

  Mongibeaux, President de la Haute Cour, 162, 166

  Monnet, Jean, 7n, 26–7, 114

  and Commissariat Général du Plan, 212–13

  and Marshall Plan, 285–6, 353, 354n, 369–70, 374–5

  Monnet Plan see Commissariat Général du Plan

  Montand, Yves, 38, 39, 47, 267

  Montgomery, General Sir Bernard, 30, 124

  Montherlant, Henry de, 132

  Mo rand, Paul, 114

  Morgan, Claude, 338–41

  Morgan, General Frederick, 126–7, 204

  Mornet, Procureur-Général André, 161–2, 166–7

  Mouchy, Duc de, 102, 190–91

  Moulin, Jean, 16, 23–5, 28, 99

  remains to Pantheon, 383–4

  Moulin de Labarthète, Henri du, 12

  Mouloudji, Marcel, 176

  Mounier, Emmanuel, 170

  Mouvement Républicain Populaire (MRP), 208, 279

  and tripartisme, 223

  elections, J une 1946, 237, 273

  Bidault’s government resigns, 274

  and strikes of 1947, 298

  Mowinckel, John, 41–2

  Muggeridge, Malcolm, 56, 62, 66, 67–8, 70, 81–2, 115, 130, 156, 216, 225

  Murphy, Robert, 20, 110, 216, 229, 356, 359

  National Council of the Resistance (CNR), 26, 32, 35–6, 44, 49, 54, 208

  National Front (Communist-dominated), 197, 200

  Neave, Major Airey, 42

  Nizan, Paul, 142

  Noguères, Henri, 301–2

  Nordling, Raoul, 35

  Nordmann, Maître, 339, 340

  North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 322

  Nouvelle Revue franqaise, La, 60, 138, 142, 143

  Oberg, General (SS) Karl, 34

  Oberlé, Jean, 195

  Offroy, Raymond, 244–5

  Opéra de Paris, 135, 196

  Ophuls, Marcel, 384

  Orwell, George, 68, 73–4

  Paget, Mamaine see Koestler, Mamaine

  Palewski, Gaston, 15, 23, 100, 108, 111, 115, 121, 141, 188–9, 193–4, 203, 205, 206, 209, 210, 212, 213, 238, 270, 281, 284, 295, 298, 302, 308

  visit to Moscow, 116, 117

  and de Gaulle’s resignation, 216–17

  Paley, William, 73

  Papon, Maurice, 385–9

  Paris, Comte de, 21, 95, 224

  Parker, Charlie, 318

  Parodi, Alexandre, 25, 33, 35, 49, 54, 56

  Parti Républicain de la Liberté, 224, 230

  Passy, Colonel see Dewavrin

  Pasteau, Michael (‘Mouthard’), 42

  Patten, William, 189

  Patten, Mrs William (Susan Mary, later Alsop), 153, 156, 187, 189, 190, 191, 253, 257–8, 268, 270, 275, 308

  Patton, General George S., 36

  Paulhan, Jean, 137, 142, 143, 235, 351

  and Les Temps modernes, 178

  Paxton, Robert, 386

  Pensée, La, 333

  Péri, Gabriel, 18

  Peron, Eva Duarte de, 289

  Pétain, Marshal Philippe, 4–5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13–14, 16, 19, 21, 27, 28, 30, 54, 56, 59, 63, 94, 101, 155, 158, 386

  and de Gaulle, 3–4

  becomes head of state, 10–11

  and Hitler at Montoire, 11–12

  at Sigmaringen, 64

  trial, 159–65

  Pétiot, Dr Marcel, 82

  Petit, Roland, 266

  Petit, General, 246, 339

  Petit Parisien, Le, 135, 200

  Petsche, Maurice, 358–9, 370

  Philby, Kim, 225–6, 236

  Piaf, Edith, 39, 47, 61, 75

  Picasso, Pablo, 60, 71, 72, 141, 175, 311, 376–7

  and Desire Caught by the Tail, 177

  and Salon de la Libération, 180

  joins PCF, 181

  and Congress of Intellectuals in Warsaw, 336–7

  and portrait of Stalin, 377–8

  ‘Plan Bleu’ conspiracy, 278–9

  Pleven, René, 205–6

  Pol Roger, Mme Jacques (Odette), 283, 307

  police purge committee, 80–81

  Polignac, Comte Charles de, 186

  Polignac, Comtesse Jean de (Marie-Blanche), 289, 304

  Polignac, Marquis Melchior de, 189

  Pompidou, Georges, 383, 385, 389

  Ponge, Francis, 184

  Ponomarev, Boris, 202, 243, 272–3, 330, 382

  Popova, Comrade, 160, 190

  Populaire, Le, 301-2

  Porte, René, 78

  Portes, Comtesse Hélène de, 4

  Prevert, Jacques, 314, 319

  and la bande Prévert, 175

  café life, 311

  Printemps, Yvonne, 244

  Pucheu, Pierre, 18, 27–8

  Queneau, Raymond, 176, 177, 230, 235, 314, 319

  and Les Temps modernes, 178

  Queuille, Dr Henri, 329, 355, 358, 370, 371

  forms government, 328

  fall of government, 371

  Radical Party, 222

  Ramadier, Paul, 102–3

  forms government, 1946, 274–5

  expels Communists from government, 281–3, 292n

  and Third Force, 295

  government falls, 298

  Rassemblement Démocratique Révolutionnaire (RDR), 334–5, 352

  Rassemblement du Peuple Français (RPF), 371

  Malraux and, 214

  established, 281

  satirized by Sartre, 294

  in municipal elections, October 1947, 295

  conflict with PCF in 1948, 323–4, 326–8

  and events in Grenoble, 326–7

  Ravanel, Colonel Serge (Asher), 95, 97

  Rebatet, Lucien, 65, 88, 131

  Redman, General Harold ‘Dixie’, 127, 147

  Reid, Odgen, Mr and Mrs, 241

  Rémy, Colonel (Gilbert Renault), 17, 24, 328

  Renault, Louis, 104

  Renseignements Généraux, 201, 210–11, 242, 322

  Revers, General Georges, 222, 226, 246, 279

  Reynaud, Pa
ul, 4, 5, 7–9

  Ricard, Marthe, 268–9

  Ricci, Robert, 251–2

  Rioux, Jean-Pierre, 90

  Robbe-Grillet, Alain, 387

  Rochas, Marcel, 308

  Rockefeller, Captain David, 110, 201

  Rocque, Colonel de la, 13

  Rolland, Romain, 199

  Rol-Tanguy, Colonel (Henri Tanguy), 33, 35, 37, 48–9, 78

  Roncalli, Mgr, 111

  Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 7, 20, 21, 22, 26, 107, 108, 117, 118, 292

  and Yalta, 121–2

  Rossi, Tino, 61, 85

  Rothschild, Baron Élie de, 133–4, 169, 232, 359

  Rothschild, Baron Élie (Liliane) de, 157–8, 169, 359

  Rothschild, Baron Guy de, 188, 255

  Rothschild, Lt.-Col. Lord (Victor), 69–70

  Rougemont, General Comte Jean-Louis du Temple de, 187–8, 382

  Rousset, David, 334–5

  Rousso, Henri, 64, 90

  Roy, Claude, 184, 221

  Rubinstein, Artur, 304

  Rubio, Gloria (Countess Fürstenberg, Princess Fakri, Mrs Loel Guinness), 240, 253

  Rundstedt, Field Marshal Gerd von, 65, 120

  Sabartès, Jaime, 71

  Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de, 173

  Saint-Martin, Jean, 252

  Salacrou, Armand, 248

  Salan, General Raoul, 389

  Salon de la Libération, 136, 180

  Samedi-Soir, 316, 317

  Saroyan, William, 73

  Sarraute, Nathalie, 178, 235, 387

  Sartre, Jean-Paul, 55, 60, 74, 141, 143, 144, 175-80, 216, 313–14, 315–19, 342–5, 351, 387

  defends Nizan, 142–3

  and existentialism, 172, 174

  and Stalinism, 174

  with Koestler, 246–9, 294

  café life, 310–11

  and RDR, 334–5

  controversy over Dirty Hands, 335-6

  attacked by Fadayev, 337

  Sauguet, Henri, 318

  Schiaparelli, Elsa, 308, 450

  Schuman, Robert, 303–4, 308, 309

  forms government, 299

  government falls, 325

  Foreign Minister, 355, 357

  Scotto, Vincent, 62

  Semprun, Jorge, 184

  Service de Documentation Extérieure et de Contre-Espionage (SDECE), 233

  Service de Travail Obligatoire (STO), 23, 77

  Shaw, Irwin, 42

  Shirer, William, 73

  Sholokov, Mikhail, 336

  Signor, Alain, 182, 304

  Signoret, Sim one, 318

  Simenon, Georges, 82, 132

  Snow, Carmel, 257

  Socialist Party, 208, 213, 307, 325

  and Communist takeover attempt, 200–201

  and tripartisme, 223–4

  elections, June 1946, 237

  and wine scandal, 266

  and Thorez, November 1946, 274

  and Third Force, 295

  and municipal elections, October 1947, 295

  Sokolovski, Marshal Vasily, 324, 325

  Solidor, Suzy, 61, 366–7

  Solzhenitsyn, Alexander, 338, 341

  Soria, Georges, 327–8, 333, 335

  Soustelle, Jacques, 225, 238, 281, 298

  Spears, Major-General Edward, 5, 7, 9, 14, 204

  Speidel, General Hans, 45

  Spitz, Charles, 149

  Stalin, Joseph, 25–6, 57, 58, 98, 116–20, 239

  and origins of Cold War, 241, 242, 292

  and fear of rearmed Germany, 327

  seventieth birthday, 371–2

  death, 377

  and portrait by Picasso, 377–8

  Starr, Colonel George, 95, 96–7, 105

  Stein, Gertrude, 34, 151, 257, 351

  Stepanov (Kremlin official), 182, 202

  Strong, General Kenneth, 127

  Suarez, Georges, 156

  Suhard, Mgr, Cardinal Archbishop of Paris, 55–6, 230

  memorial mass, 359

  Sulzberger, Cyrus, 73, 244–5, 267–8

  Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), 69, 103, 108, 114, 121, 127–9, 223, 264

  Surrealism, 177, 289–90

  Suslov, Mikhail, 272–3

  Szabó, Zoltán, 334

  Tchenkeli, Colonel (Guy Thamis), 324

  Tedder, Air Marshal Sir Arthur, 204

  Teitgen, Pierre-Henri, 25, 100–101, 138, 157, 160, 168, 234

  Temps modernes, Les, 234-5, 264, 294, 344, 352, 387

  conceived, 175

  launched, 178–9

  Malraux attempts to close, 342

  Teuléry, Louis, 33, 333–4

  Third Force, 295

  Thorez, Maurice, 18, 36, 54, 57, 58–9, 98, 182, 198–9, 209, 211, 222, 226, 230, 232, 236, 240, 245, 246, 282, 306, 328, 372

  return to France, 118–19, 120

  vilification of Nizan, 142

  character and personality cult, 199–200

  and humiliation of PCF at Sklarska Poreba, 290–93

  and Prague coup, 331

  and intellectuals, 333

  Tillon, Charles, 36, 57, 59, 86, 98, 105, 114, 211, 304, 334

  Tito (Josip Broz), 293, 333, 334

  Togliatti, Palmiro, 291

  Toklas, Alice B., 34, 151, 257

  Touvier, Paul, 385

  Trefusis, Violet, 450

  Trenet, Charles, 61, 75

  Triolet, Elsa, 142, 183–4, 221, 377

  Truman, President Harry, 204, 228, 241–2, 276–7, 279, 322

  meeting with de Gaulle, 206–7

  and Berlin blockade, 325

  and Marshall Plan, 353

  Truman Doctrine, 242, 276–7, 292

  Union Gaulliste, 273

  Union of French Republican Youth (UJRF), 197

  Union of French Women (UFF), 160, 197, 264

  Vadim, Roger, 316

  Vail, Sinbad, 334

  Vailland, Roger, 221, 336, 360

  Valéry, Paul, 139

  death of, 173

  Van Dongen, Kees, 136, 180

  Vandenberg, Senator Arthur, 239, 245, 276

  Vanier, General Georges, 110–11

  Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis, 372–3

  Vaudoyer, Mary, 147

  Vaulot, Eugène, 66

  Vendroux, Jacques, 214

  Ventadour-Hélion, Jacqueline, 334, 378–9

  Vercors see Bruller, Jean

  Vermeersch, Jeanette, 199, 333

  Vian, Boris, 248, 313, 314–15, 317–18

  Vian, Michelle, 248, 315

  Viennot, Pierre, 29

  Vigier, General Touzet du, 221

  Vilmorin, Louise de (Countess Palffy), 11, 113, 205, 241, 295

  Vlaminck, Maurice de, 136, 180

  Vlassov, General Andréi, 95

  Vogüé, Comte Jean de (‘Vaillant’), 186

  Vyshinsky, Andréi, 244, 296, 357

  Weidenfeld, George, 336

  Welsh, Mary, 42, 72

  Weygand, General Maxime, 3, 5, 8, 20

  White, Sam, 73

  Wilson, Edmund, 185

  Windsor, HRH Edward, Duke of, 9, 153–4, 192, 245, 267, 270

  Windsor, Wallis, Duchess of, 153–4, 192, 245, 267, 270

  Wodehouse, Ethel (Mrs P. G.), 67–8

  Wodehouse, Pelham Grenville (Plum), 66–8

  Wols, 235

  Worms, Hippolyte, 105

  Wright, Richard, 344, 351–2

  Wurmser, André, 338–41, 343

  Ybarnegaray, Jean, 7–8

  zazous, 171

  Zhdanov, Andrei, 291–2

  and Sartre, 335–6

  and Congress of Intellectuals, 336–7

 


 

  Antony Beevor, Paris: After the Liberation 1944-1949

 


 

 
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